Toba Domain

Remnants of the walls of Toba Castle

Toba Domain (鳥羽藩 Toba-han) was a Japanese domain of the Edo period, located in Shima Province (part of modern-day Mie Prefecture), Japan. It was centered on Toba Castle in what is now the city of Toba.


During the Sengoku period, most of Shima Province came under the control of Kuki Yoshitaka, a retainer of Oda Nobunaga, who had a fleet of armored ships and controlled maritime traffic around Ise Bay. The Kuki clan fought on both sides during the Battle of Sekigahara, with Kuki Yoshitaka siding with the western forces loyal to Toyotomi Hideyori, and his son Kuki Moritaka, joining the eastern armies of Tokugawa Ieyasu.

With the establishment of the Tokugawa shogunate, Kuki Moritaka was confirmed as daimyō of Toba, initially with revenues of 35,000 koku, growing to 55,000 koku under his son Kuki Hisataka, who was transferred to Sanda Domain in Settsu Province.

The Kuki were replaced by the tozama Naito clan, which ruled Toba to 1680. The domain then reverted to tenryo status under the direct control of the shogunate for one year. It then came under the control of the Doi clan (1681-1691), Ogyu-Matsudaira clan (1691-1710), Itakura clan (1710-1717), and Toda-Matsudaira clan (1717-1725) before finally coming under the Inagaki clan (1725-1871), where it remained until the Meiji restoration.

As with all domains, Toba Domain was not a single contiguous holding, but was geographically scattered over a wide area. During the Bakumatsu era it ruled all of Shima Province (37 villages in Toshi District and 19 villages in Ago District) as well as 8 villages in Iino District, 4 villages in Taki District, and 5 villages in Watari District, all in Ise Province.

During the Boshin War, Inagaki Nagayuki remained loyal to the Shogunate, and as a result was fined heavily by the Meiji government and forced into retirement. His son, Inagaki Nagahiro became domain governor, and after the abolition of the han system in July 1871, Toba Domain became “Toba Prefecture”, which merged with the short lived “Watarai Prefecture” in November 1871, which later became part of Mie Prefecture.

List of daimyō

#Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank revenues
1Kuki Moritaka (九鬼守隆)1597–1632 Nagato-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 35,000 koku
2Kuki Hisataka (九鬼久隆)1632–1632Yamato-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 35,000 -–> 56,000 koku
#Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank revenues
1Naito Tadashige (内藤忠重)1633–1653Shima-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 35,000 koku
2Naito Tadamasa (内藤忠政)1653–1673Hide-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 35,000 koku
3Naito Tadakatsu (内藤忠勝)1673–1680Izumi-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 35,000 koku
#Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank revenues
1Doi Toshimasa (土井利益)1691–1710Suwo-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 70,000 koku
#Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank revenues
1Matsudaira Norisato (松平乗邑)1691–1710Izumi-no-kami Lower 4th (従四位下) 60,000 koku
#Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank revenues
1Itakura Shigeharu (板倉重治)1710–1717Tamba-no-kami Lower 4th (従四位下) 50,000 koku
#Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank revenues
1Matsudaira Mitsuchika (松平光慈)1590–1603Tamba-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 70,000 koku
#Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank revenues
1Inagaki Terukata (稲垣昭賢)1725–1752Shinano-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 30,000 koku
2Inagaki Terunaga (稲垣昭央)1752–1773Tsushima-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 30,000 koku
3Inagaki Nagamochi (稲垣長以)1773–1794Settsu-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 30,000 koku
4 Inagaki Nagatsugu (稲垣長続)1794–1818Tsushima-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 30,000 koku
5Inagaki Nagakata (稲垣長剛)1818–1842Tsushima-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 30,000 koku
6Inagaki Nagaaki (稲垣長明)1842–1866Settsu-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 10,000 koku
7 Inagaki Nagayuki (稲垣長行)1866–1868 Settsu-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 30,000 koku
8Inagaki Nagahiro (稲垣長敬)1868–1871Tsushima-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 10,000 koku


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