|qarney para||֟||telisha gedola||֠|
|telisha qetana||֩||yerah ben yomo||֪|
Tifcha (Hebrew: טִפְחָ֖א, also spelled Tifkha, Tipcha and other variant English spellings) is a cantillation mark commonly found in the Torah, Haftarah, and other books that are chanted. In Sephardic and Oriental traditions, it is called Tarcha, meaning "dragging" or "effort".
The Tifcha is found in both the Etnachta group as the second member of that group, and in the Sof passuk group, though the melody varies slightly in each. While it is a weak sound, it is considered to be stronger than a Tevir
The Hebrew word טִפְחָ֖א translates into English as diagonal. It is related to the word tefach (טפך, measurement of the palm). The tifcha does not have a separating value of its own, as it is in the middle of a set of words.
The first word of the Torah בראשית (Bereshit) is on a Tifcha.
|Book||Number of appearances|
Melodies for tifcha, as for all other cantillation marks, is different in different traditions. The diagrams below show the Polish-Lithuanian tradition.
In Ethnachta group
In Sof Passuk group
In the Etnachta group, the tifcha will always occur, regardless of whether or not there is a Mercha. Before a Sof Passuk, the Tifcha can only occur in conjunction with a Mercha.
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