The Thraex (pl. thraeces), or Thracian, was a type of Roman gladiator, armed in the Thracian style with small rectangular, square or circular shield called a parmula (about 60 x 65 cm) and a very short sword with a slightly curved blade called a sica (like a small version of the Dacian falx), intended to maim an opponent's unarmoured back. His other armour included armoured greaves (necessitated by the smallness of the shield), a protector for his sword arm and shoulder, a protective belt above a loin cloth, and a helmet with a side plume, visor and high crest.
- Bronze figurine of a gladiator - British Museum
- Terracotta figurine of 2 gladiators - British Museum
- E. Köhne and C. Ewigleben (eds.). Gladiators and Caesars: The Power of Spectacle in Ancient Rome. London: The British Museum Press, 2000.