Thomas Sewell

For other people named Thomas Sewell, see Thomas Sewell (disambiguation).
The Right Honourable
Sir Thomas Sewell
Master of the Rolls
In office
4 December 1764  6 March 1784
Monarch George III
Preceded by Sir Thomas Clarke
Succeeded by Sir Lloyd Kenyon
Personal details
Born c.1710
Died March 6, 1784(1784-03-06)
Profession Barrister

Sir Thomas Sewell PC KC (c.1710 – 6 March 1784) was an English judge and Member of Parliament, and Master of the Rolls from 1764 to 1784.

Sewell was a member of Middle Temple, called to the bar in 1734, and practised in the Chancery courts. He became a bencher of his inn and King's Counsel in 1754, and Treasurer of the Inn in 1765. By 1764, he was thought to be making between £3000 and £4000 a year from his practice, and was popular among religious dissenters as their champion in the courts.

He stood for Parliament in 1754 at Wallingford and was defeated, despite spending more than £2000 (from the Prime Minister's election fund) in the attempt, but was elected in 1758 as member for Harwich. Harwich was a "Treasury borough", where the government candidate was certain of success, but Sewell had his own interest in the town as well, since his father-in-law, Thomas Heath had been its MP earlier in the century.

However, he made little impact in the Commons and at the next election was not re-nominated at Harwich. He stood instead at Exeter, where he was badly defeated despite Prime Minister Newcastle's support, though this time at his own expense rather than the government's. Nevertheless, later in the year he was returned instead as the government candidate at Winchelsea.

In 1761, Sewell was one of two candidates considered for appointment as Solicitor General, but the post went instead to Fletcher Norton. However, in 1764 he was knighted and appointed Master of the Rolls, apparently to the surprise of many including himself, after a number of other candidates had refused the post; he held it until his death twenty years later. He was also made a member of the Privy Council.


Wikisource has the text of the 1885–1900 Dictionary of National Biography's article about Sewell, Thomas.
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Wenman Coke
Viscount Duncannon
Member of Parliament for Harwich
With: Wenman Coke
Succeeded by
Charles Townshend
John Roberts
Preceded by
Thomas Orby Hunter
The Earl of Thomond
Member of Parliament for Winchelsea
With: Thomas Orby Hunter
Succeeded by
Thomas Orby Hunter
The Earl of Thomond
Legal offices
Preceded by
Sir Thomas Clarke
Master of the Rolls
Succeeded by
Sir Lloyd Kenyon
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