Thomas Gale

For other people named Thomas Gale, see Thomas Gale (disambiguation).
Thomas Gale in 1689

Thomas Gale (1635/1636? – 7 or 8 April 1702) was an English classical scholar, antiquarian and cleric.


Gale was born at Scruton, Yorkshire. He was educated at Westminster School and Trinity College, Cambridge, of which he became a fellow.[1]

In 1666 he was appointed Regius Professor of Greek at Cambridge, in 1672 high master of St Paul's School, in 1676 prebendary of St Paul's, in 1677 a fellow of the Royal Society, and in 1697 Dean of York. He died in York.

He was the father of two noted antiquarians, Roger Gale and Samuel Gale, and father-in-law of the Rev. Dr. William Stukeley. To his collection of manuscripts belonged Minuscule 66.


He published a mythographical collection, Opuscula mythologica, ethica, et physica, and editions of several Greek and Latin authors, but his fame rests chiefly on his collection of old works bearing on early English history, entitled Historiae Anglicanae scriptores and Historiae Britannicae, Saxonicae, Anglo-Danicae scriptores XV. He was the author of the inscription on the London Monument, later removed, in which the Roman Catholics were accused of having originated the great fire. In a history of philosophy (1670), he coined the term Neoplatonism to denote late antique Platonism.



  1. "Thomas Gale (GL655T)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  2. Gale, Thomæ [Thomas Gale]. Antonini Iter Britanniarum [Antoninus's Route of the Britains] Published posthumously & edited by R. Gale. M. Atkins (London), 1709. (Latin)
Academic offices
Preceded by
James Valentine
Regius Professor of Greek Cambridge University
1666 - 1672
Succeeded by
John North
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