Thessaloniki–Bitola railway

Thessaloniki–Bitola railway

Status Operational up to Neos Kafkasos
Locale Greece (West Macedonia,
Central Macedonia),
Republic of Macedonia
Termini Thessaloniki 40°38′40″N 22°55′46″E / 40.6444°N 22.9294°E / 40.6444; 22.9294Coordinates: 40°38′40″N 22°55′46″E / 40.6444°N 22.9294°E / 40.6444; 22.9294
Bitola 41°01′11″N 21°20′34″E / 41.0197°N 21.3429°E / 41.0197; 21.3429
Opened June 1894 (1894-06)
Owner OSE
Operator(s) TrainOSE
Line length 219 km (136 mi)
Number of tracks Double track ThessalonikiPlaty,
remainder single track [1]
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification only the section ThessalonikiPlaty [1]
Route map
Line to Alexandroupoli and Sofia
0.0 Thessaloniki
to Skopje
10.9 Sindos
from Skopje
28.8 Adendro
36.3 Platy
Line to Athens
38.6 Leianovergi
44.1 Alexandreia
49.6 Loutros
52.0 Kefalochori
54.8 Xechasmeni
57.4 Kouloura
62.5 Mesi
67.6 Veroia
79.1 Naousa
86.8 Episkopi
90.1 Petraia
95.8 Skydra
111.7 Edessa
119.1 Agras
136.8 Arnissa
152.2 Agios Panteleimonas
159.2 Amyntaio
Line to Kozani
164.8 Xino Nero
178.5 Vevi
187.5 Mesonisi
200.4 Neos Kafkasos
border Greece/Republic of Macedonia
219 Bitola
to Prilep

The railway from Thessaloniki to Bitola is a 219-kilometre long railway line, that connects the port city Thessaloniki in Greece with Bitola in the Republic of Macedonia, via Veroia, Edessa, Amyntaio and Florina. The line was opened in 1894, when the area was part of the Ottoman Empire.[2] The section between the international border and Bitola is not used anymore, and as of 2013 passenger services are restricted to the section between Thessaloniki and Florina. The easternmost section of the line, Platy–Thessaloniki, is part of the important connection towards Athens and southern Greece.


The idea of a trans-Macedonian railway had existed since the 1850s when in January 1859 a Memorandum regarding the construction of the SalonicaMonastir (today's Bitola) line was signed.[3] It however wasn't until October 1890 that the Ottoman Sublime Porte gave Deutsche Bank a concession to build the railway as a branch line of the Oriental Railways and to possibly further extend it to an Albanian port.[4] The project headed by Baron Maurice de Hirsch started in May 1891 and was completed in June 1894. While at that time the practice of compulsory work was still in use, labor was cheap in rural Macedonia and the engineers were reported to be enthusistically welcomed.[3]


The eastern terminus of the Thessaloniki–Bitola railway is the New Railway Station, Thessaloniki. Leaving the Athens–Thessaloniki mainline at Platy, it runs alongside the Aliakmon River, through Alexandreia and then passes through to Veroia, Naousa, and Skydra, before climbing to Edessa and then, along the northern shore of Lake Vegoritida, reaching Amyntaio. At Amyntaio the Kozani–Amyntaio railway branches off towards Kozani, serving Ptolemaida and the power stations of the national power company ΔΕΗ. The main line continues towards the city of Florina. At Neos Kafkasos, the international border is crossed, and after 219 km the city of Bitola in the Republic of Macedonia is reached. This short international connection is now disused, with all international traffic being routed via Eidomeni and Gevgelija.

Main stations

The main stations on the Thessaloniki–Bitola railway are:


The Thessaloniki–Bitola railway is used by the following passenger services:


Further reading

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 11/18/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.