The World Academy of Sciences

The World Academy of Sciences

Abbreviation TWAS
Formation 1983
Region served
Official language
Website TWAS Official website

The World Academy of Sciences (TWAS) is a merit-based science academy uniting 1,000 scientists in some 70 countries. Its principal aim is to promote scientific capacity and excellence for sustainable development in the South (see North-South divide). Its headquarters are located on the premises of the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP) in Trieste, Italy. It was named "Third World Academy of Sciences" until 2004 and "TWAS, the academy of sciences for the developing world" before September 2012,[1]


TWAS was founded in 1983 under the leadership of the Nobel Laureate Abdus Salam of Pakistan by a group of distinguished scientists who were determined to do something about the dismal state of scientific research in developing countries.

The founding members of TWAS therefore decided to set up an organization that would help to:

  1. Recognize, support and promote excellence in scientific research in the South;
  2. Provide promising scientists in the South with research facilities necessary for the advancement of their work;
  3. Facilitate contacts between individual scientists and institutions in the South;
  4. Encourage South-North cooperation between individuals and centres of scholarship;
  5. Promote scientific research on major developing countries problems.

Since its inception, TWAS's operational expenses have largely been covered by generous contributions of the Italian government; since 1991 UNESCO has been responsible for the administration of TWAS finance and staff on the basis of an agreement signed by the director general of UNESCO and the president of TWAS.

Founding Fellows

The Founding Fellows of 1983 include [2]

See also


  1. Li, Jiao. "TWAS changes name, but not its mission". SciDev.Net. Retrieved 8 March 2013.
  2. "TWAS's 42 Founding Members". The World Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 3 June 2016.

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