The Herald (Zimbabwe)
The newspaper's origins date back to the 19th century. Its forerunner was launched on 27 June 1891 by William Ernest Fairbridge for the Argus group of South Africa. Named the Mashonaland Herald and Zambesian Times, it was a weekly, hand-written news sheet produced using the cyclostyle duplicating process. In October the following year it became a printed newspaper and changed its name to The Rhodesia Herald.
The Argus group later set up a subsidiary called the Rhodesian Printing and Publishing Company to run its newspapers in what was then Southern Rhodesia.
After the white minority Rhodesian Front government unilaterally declared independence on 11 November 1965, it started censoring The Rhodesia Herald. The newspaper responded by leaving blank spaces where articles had been removed, enabling readers to gauge the extent of the censorship.
In 1981, after Zimbabwe became independent, the government bought The Herald and other papers from the Argus group, using a US$20 million grant from Nigeria, and established the Zimbabwe Mass Media Trust to operate them. The Trust created Zimbabwe Newspapers, Ltd., as the publisher of the papers.
Other newspapers published by the same group include The Sunday Mail in Harare, The Chronicle and Sunday News in Bulawayo and the Manica Post in Mutare. The Chronicle, launched in October 1894 as The Bulawayo Chronicle, is the second oldest newspaper in the country.
The Herald has for some time been noted for its completely one sided reporting for the government of President Robert Mugabe and the Zanu-PF party, and its demonisation of the opposition party, the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC). It often accuses the MDC of being agents of colonial powers.
The Herald faces limited competition from within Zimbabwe, although there are still several independent newspapers based in Zimbabwe, such as the Independent, due to very restrictive accreditation laws in Zimbabwe. Many opposition media claim that the paper has evolved into an instrument of rather crude and aggressive propaganda. (On the other hand, it often offers important insights into the workings of the Zanu-PF elite.) The editorial staff are open in their partisanship. The paper makes no pretence of impartiality. The editors also support the restrictions on opposition newspapers. Their rationale for this is explained as follows by Caesar Zvayi, a regular contributor to the Herald:
- "A free Press is vital for a vibrant society. But you have to understand the context in which the Zimbabwean State is operating. It is under siege from some Western countries, some of which – like the US – openly admit to sponsoring the media and various opposition groups to discredit the Government. ... How independent will the Press be if they are funded by an outsider who openly declares his intention to unseat the incumbent Government?"
In mid-May 2008, its website was briefly shut down by cyber hackers.
- British South Africa Company Government Gazette (Originally published as a supplement to The Herald.)
- Media of Zimbabwe
- Zimbabwe Metro
- Keppel-Jones, A. (1983). Rhodes and Rhodesia: The White Conquest of Zimbabwe 1884-1902. MQUP. p. 356. ISBN 9780773505346. Retrieved 14 April 2015.
- "Zambezia journal, January 1970." (PDF). archive.lib.msu.edu. Retrieved 14 April 2015.
- Nyarota, G. (2006). Against the Grain: Memoirs of a Zimbabwean Newsman. Zebra. p. 45. ISBN 9781770071124. Retrieved 14 April 2015.
- The Zimbabwe Mass Media Trust: An experiment that failed – World Association for Christian Communication
- Ellias T. Rusike. See http://journ.ru.ac.za/rjr/Rusike_homepage.html
- Zimbabwe Newspapers website. http://www.zimpapers.co.zw/
- "Zimbabwe Press, Media, TV, Radio, Newspapers - television, circulation, stations, papers, number, print, freedom". pressreference.com. Retrieved 14 April 2015.
- For example: "Tsvangirai confirms US, UK’s regime change agenda", The Herald, 28 June 2008
- "Zimbabwe Newspapers and News on the Internet". library.stanford.edu. Retrieved 14 April 2015.
- Zimbabwe newspapers and news sites world-newspapers.com
- Zimbabwe: Herald newspaper trimmed to size over propaganda botch-up ZimDaily
- For example: "Time for MDC-T to take stock", The Herald, 28 June 2008
- "The Herald | Zimbabwe's largest daily newspaper". herald.co.zw. Retrieved 14 April 2015.