|Country of origin||United Kingdom|
|Headquarters location||44 Eagle Street, London|
|Key people||Lord Gavron|
|Publication types||Books, Limited Editions|
The Folio Society is a privately owned London-based publisher, founded by Charles Ede in 1947 and incorporated in 1971. It produces illustrated hardback editions of classic fiction and non-fiction books, poetry and children's titles. Folio editions feature specially designed bindings and include artist-commissioned illustrations (most often in fiction titles) or researched artworks and photographs (in non-fiction titles). Many editions come with their own slipcase.
The Folio Society was founded in 1947 by Charles Ede, Christopher Sandford (of Golden Cockerel Press), and Alan Bott (founder of Pan Books). The firm's goal was to produce "editions of the world's great literature, in a format worthy of the contents, at a price within the reach of everyman." Folio and the Golden Cockerel Press shared premises in Poland Street until 1955. Subsequent offices were located in the Mayfair and Borough areas of London. The Folio Society moved to its current location, 44 Eagle Street, Holborn, in 1994.
The society issued its first three titles in 1947. In October of that year Tolstoy's Tales went on sale for sixteen shillings (this would have been about US$3 in 1947, or just over US$110 in 2014.) Tales was followed in November and December by George du Maurier's Trilby and a translation of Aucassin et Nicolette, establishing a pattern of monthly publication.
In 1971 The Folio Society was incorporated and purchased by John Letts and Halfdan Lynner. Under their ownership, The Folio Society published the collected novels of Dickens, Trollope, Hardy, Elizabeth Gaskell and Conrad.
Lord Gavron was owner and chairman of The Folio Society from 1982 until his death in 2015.
Membership and non-member sales
At its inception, The Folio Society operated as a membership-based organisation; as the list of titles grew, the membership commitment was established as 4 books per year. Since 2011, anyone has been able to purchase from the Folio Society list without committing to membership. On 1 September 2016, the company ended its membership-based structure.
Production trends and bindings
The company currently publishes more than 60 titles a year, including multi-volume sets. Most titles are digitally typeset, then printed by offset at printers in the United Kingdom, Germany, Italy, and Spain. Until 1954, most Folio books were issued with printed dust jackets, but during the latter half of the 1950s coloured card slip cases were introduced, to protect the books and retain focus on the decorative bindings. Solander boxes are generally used to protect the limited editions.
Folio publications are printed in a range of standard sizes (in 1951, for example, these included Royal Octavo, Medium Octavo, Crown Octavo and Demy Octavo), and custom sizes are also employed. The most common material for bindings is buckram or a similar bookcloth, but there are many exceptions: aluminium foil was used in binding Aldous Huxley's Brave New World in 1971, and vegetable parchment in binding Voltaire's The Calas Affair in 1994; more commonly, marbled papers (often produced by Ann Muir Marbling Ltd.) have been used for several volumes in recent years, either as endpapers or as board-papers of quarter bindings; moiré silk (usually artificial) has been used sporadically over the years as a binding material, and leather (vellum and goatskin) and bonded leather are sometimes used, chiefly for the more expensive editions. Most bindings for works of fiction are designed by the illustrator. Non-fiction binding designers include David Eccles, Jeff Clements, and Neil Gower.
Beginning in 2007, the company used traditional letterpress printing (the method which Johannes Gutenberg devised in the middle of the fifteenth century) to publish each of Shakespeare’s plays, as well as the Sonnets and Poems, in large-format editions. This landmark project of 39 volumes was finally completed in 2014.
Folio Society Limited Editions
Strictly limited, bound to order and numbered by hand, Folio Society limited editions are outstanding works of literary or historical significance reproduced as works of art in their own right. In every detail, from artwork to binding materials, The Folio Society strives to make limited editions that are as beautiful as possible, marrying form and content, setting new standards in publishing excellence. They unite the skills of many experts, employing both traditional crafts and state-of-the-art technology, and representing a labour of love for everyone involved.
Many of the limited editions draw on the expertise of some the world’s most renowned literary institutions, academics, illustrators and collectors. Whether formed to develop pioneering interpretations of classic texts or meticulously to reproduce rarely seen treasures, the resulting collaborations are often fascinating stories in themselves. Some occur through chance meetings, some are the result of years of careful research, while others result from the ambitions of a particular artist or scholar.
Notable among the hundreds of illustrators of Folio books are-
- Edward Ardizzone (R L Stevenson, Travels with a Donkey)
- Quentin Blake (Voltaire, Candide; George Orwell, Animal Farm)
- Harry Brockway (S T Coleridge, The Rime of the Ancient Mariner)
- John Lawrence (Laurence Sterne, Tristram Shandy; T H White, The Once and Future King)
- Beryl Cook (Christopher Isherwood, Mr Norris Changes Trains; Muriel Spark, The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie)
- Anthony Colbert (Jane Eyre)
- Geoff Grandfield (novels and stories of Raymond Chandler)
- Sam Weber (William Golding, Lord of the Flies and Frank Herbert, Dune)
Fine artists who have illustrated books for the Society include-
- Elisabeth Frink (Horace Odes)
- Paul Cox (works by P G Wodehouse)
- Jean Hugo (1950 edition of Romeo and Juliet)
- Charles Keeping (complete novels of Charles Dickens)
- Francis Mosley (complete Joseph Conrad)
- Charles van Sandwyk (Kenneth Grahame, The Wind in the Willows; Lewis Carroll, Alice in Wonderland)
- Neil Packer (Umberto Eco, The Name of the Rose; Joseph Heller, Catch 22)
- Tom Phillips (Samuel Beckett, Waiting for Godot)
Prominent wood engravers include-
- Simon Brett (poems by Keats, Shelley and Byron)
- Peter Reddick (complete novels and stories of Thomas Hardy)
- Paula Rego (English nursery rhymes compilation and J M Barrie, Peter Pan and Wendy)
Some recent commissions are from-
- A Richard Allen (Kingsley Amis, Lucky Jim)
- Elena and Anna Balbusso (Pushkin, Eugene Onegin)
- James Boswell (J G Ballard, The Drowned World; Margery Allingham, Traitor's Purse)
- Jonathan Burton (Douglas Adams, The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy; George Orwell, Nineteen Eighty-Four)
- Fay Dalton (Ian Fleming, Casino Royale)
- Jeff Fisher (Lewis Carroll, The Hunting of the Snark)
- David Hughes (Ken Kesey, One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest; Mark Twain, A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court)
- Federico Infante (Vladimir Nabokov, Lolita)
- Igor Karash (Leo Tolstoy, War and Peace; Angela Carter, The Bloody Chamber and Other Stories)
- John Vernon Lord (James Joyce, Finnegans Wake)
- Shotopop (Philip K Dick, The Man in the High Castle)
- Jillian Tamaki (Christina Rossetti, Goblin Market)
- Joe Wilson (Arthur C Clarke, 2001: A Space Odyssey)
Over the years, The Folio Society has commissioned original introductions to its editions from leading figures in literature, the arts, media, science, philosophy and the academic world. These include the former Archbishop of Canterbury Dr Rowan Williams (Confessions of St Augustine and Eusebius The History of the Church); Ruth Rendell (P. D. James Cover Her Face); A. S. Byatt (Andrew Lang The Pink Fairy Book); Jenny Uglow (Liza Picard Restoration London); Simon Mawer (Leo Marks Between Silk and Cyanide); Will Self (Franz Kafka Metamorphosis and Other Stories); John Banville (Bram Stoker Dracula); Michael Cunningham (Virginia Woolf Mrs Dalloway); Damon Galgut (Albert Camus The Outsider); Amit Chaudhuri (The Bhagavad Gita); Colm Tóibín (Lady Augusta Gregory Irish Myths and Legends and D. H. Lawrence Sons and Lovers); Paul Krugman (Isaac Asimov The Foundation Trilogy); William Trevor (V. S. Pritchett The Camberwell Beauty and Other Stories), Ruth Padel (Selected Poems and Prose of Gerard Manley Hopkins); Brian Cox (Richard Feynman "Surely You’re Joking, Mr Feynman”); David Malouf (Frederic Manning The Middle Parts of Fortune); A. L. Kennedy (Muriel Spark The Girls of Slender Means); Nigel Kneale (The Ghost Stories of M. R. James); Melvyn Bragg (Bede History of the English Church and People), Carol Ann Duffy (A Folio Anthology of Poetry); Patti Smith (Wuthering Heights); Eimear McBride (Selected Poems by Anna Akhmatova; Michael Moorcock 2001: A Space Odyssey.
The Book Illustration Competition
Established in 2011, the Book Illustration Competition is a partnership between The Folio Society and House of Illustration. The annual international competition is open to illustrators over the age of 18, both students and professionals, not previously published by The Folio Society. The competition winner receives a prestigious commission to illustrate a future Folio Society publication.
Previous winners include:
- Matthew Richardson, The Outsider by Albert Camus, 2011
- Igor Karash, The Bloody Chamber and Other Stories by Angela Carter, 2012
- Finn Dean, Brave New World by Aldous Huxley, 2013
- Sean McSorley, Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad, 2014
- David McConochie, The Folio Book of Ghost Stories, 2015
- Alan Marks, War Horse by Michael Morpurgo, 2016
References and sources
- Digital Dots Ltd. pdf document
- The Folio Society: About Us.. The Folio Society, 2011. Retrieved 19 December 2011.
- Companies in the UK, incorporation
- Bott obituary
- Charles Ede Obituary in The Telegraph, 6 June 2002. Retrieved 21 December 2011. Archived here.
- Books and Writers: The Folio Society
- Books and Writers: Golden Cockerel
- London Online
- Open Library Tales listing
- Historical currency exchange rates
- Currency value over time
- Library content and services
- Cave, Roderick & Sarah Mason, A History of the Golden Cockerel Press, 1920–1960 (2002. British Library & Oak Knoll Press)
- Nash, Paul W., Folio 50: a bibliography of the Folio Society, 1947–1996 (1997. Folio Press in association with The British Library)
- Nash, Paul W. Folio 60: a bibliography of the Folio Society, 1947–2006 (2007. Folio Society) (Includes essays by Sue Bradbury, Joseph Connolly and David McKitterick)
- Nash, Paul W., 'Folio fine editions', in Parenthesis (4 April 2000), pp. 22–24. (Includes a checklist of 'Fine editions', giving print-runs)