The Fabulous Baron Munchausen

For the 1940 film, see Baron Prášil (film).
The Fabulous Baron Munchausen

Japanese DVD cover
Directed by Karel Zeman
Written by Karel Zeman
Josef Kainar
Jiří Brdečka
Music by Zdeněk Liška
Cinematography Jiří Tarantík
Release dates
  • September 21, 1962 (1962-09-21)
Running time
85 minutes (original)
83 minutes (Japanese release)
80 minutes (other releases)[1]
Country Czechoslovakia
Language Czech

The Fabulous Baron Munchausen (Czech: Baron Prášil) is a 1961 Czechoslovak romantic adventure film directed by Karel Zeman, based on the tales about Baron Munchausen. The film combines live-action with various forms of animation and is highly stylized, often evoking the engravings of Gustave Doré.[2] A digital restoration of the film premiered on 5 September 2016 at the Telluride Film Festival in the United States.[3]


The film begins with footsteps leading to a pond. The camera continually moves upwards to show the flight of butterflies, birds, and a progression of historical aircraft ending with a rocket ship travelling through space and landing on the moon.

The astronaut/cosmonaut leaves his spacecraft and sights other footsteps on the moon leading him to an old phonograph, then a crashed rocket with a plaque reading Jules Verne's From the Earth to the Moon. Taken to a dinner table, the surprised space traveller meets the characters from Verne's book and Baron Munchausen. Inviting him to their table, the characters believe that the cosmonaut is a man actually from the moon, and kindly treat him as a small child.

The Baron decides to take him to Earth in a fanciful airship held up by a herd of winged horses. The Baron dresses the spaceman, called "Joey" in the English dubbed version and "Tonik" in the original Czech, in 18th Century costume where they land in 18th Century Turkey. Speaking in an unintelligible voice that he calls the "language of diplomacy" the Baron presents Joey to the Sultan. However Joey's lack of knowledge of diplomatic protocol and his falling in love with Princess Bianca, a damsel in distress held prisoner by the Sultan, leads to a series of romantic and fanciful adventures that transform the modern scientific space traveller into a hero rivalling the Baron.

Among the exciting and satiric adventures are sword and sea battles with the Turks, being swallowed by a giant fish, and ending the conflict between two warring kingdoms.



The film was released internationally during the 1960s, including a 1964 American dub under the title "The Fabulous Baron Munchausen."[4] Howard Thompson of The New York Times described it as "a delectable oddity with a perky, intriguing music track,"[5] and the writer Harlan Ellison termed it a "charming and sweethearted 1961 Czech fantasy filled with loopy special effects."[6] César Santos Fontenla of Triunfo called the film "a masterpiece" and added: "the film is undoubtedly the most exciting experiment so far in animation and in combining different techniques ... The Méliès influence is present throughout the film, which reaches the same level of poetry as the works of that old master."[2] The film historian Peter Hames described Baron Prášil as "perhaps [Zeman's] finest film."[7]

When the film was screened at the British Film Institute in the 1980s, it served as an influence for Terry Gilliam, who was then making his own version of the Munchausen stories, The Adventures of Baron Munchausen.[8] According to Gilliam:

I remember when I was doing Baron Munchausen seeing a picture in a [British Film Institute] catalogue from Karel Zeman's Baron Munchausen and saying, "Wow, what is this?" and eventually seeing the film, and saying, "Wow, that's great," because he did what I'm still trying to do, which is to try and combine live action with animation. His Doré-esque backgrounds were wonderful. The film captured the real spirit of the character.[9]


  2. 1 2 Santos Fontenla, César. "De Cyrano a Gagarin". Triunfo. Europeana. Retrieved 2012-05-27.
  3. "The Fabulous Baron Munchausen at Telluride",, Czech Film Center, 2016-09-06, retrieved 2016-09-21
  5. Thompson, Howard (23 December 1984). "Critics' Choice: Cable TV". The New York Times. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
  6. Ellison, Harlan (2014). Harlan Ellison's Watching (e-book). Open Road Media. p. 394.
  7. Hames, Peter (2009), Czech and Slovak Cinema: Theme and Tradition, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, p. 197
  8. Zipes, Jack (2011). The Enchanted Screen: The Unknown History of Fairy-Tale Films. New York: Routledge. p. 43.
  9. Gilliam, Terry (2004). Terry Gilliam: Interviews. Mississippi: Jackson University Press. pp. 132–133.
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