War memorial at Terang, at the entrance to the main street
|Coordinates||38°14′0″S 142°56′0″E / 38.23333°S 142.93333°ECoordinates: 38°14′0″S 142°56′0″E / 38.23333°S 142.93333°E|
|Population||2,348 (2011 census)|
|Elevation||131 m (430 ft)|
Terang // is a town in the Western District of Victoria, Australia. The town is in the Shire of Corangamite and on the Princes Highway 212 kilometres (132 mi) south west of the state's capital, Melbourne. At the 2006 census, Terang had a population of 1,824. At the 2001 census, Terang had a population of 1,859. The population of Terang has since risen according to the 2011 Census; the population is now 2,348, of which 1,155 are male and 1,193 are female, with the median age being 44.
The first dwelling in the township area was built in 1840 by Donald McNicol, and consisted of a slab hut on the east bank of Lake Terang. The township was developed in the late 1850s, the post office opening on 1 March 1859.
The railway though the town was opened in 1887. From 1890 it was extended as part of Victoria's south-western line. The Mortlake line once branched from the town, opened in 1893 and closed in 1978. The local railway station is served by V/Line passenger services on the Warrnambool line.
Avenues of trees were later planted and several of these are now under the protection of the National Trust. Other features of Terang include a Heritage Trail walk which points out the historic trees and many of the historic buildings and sights of the town.
Features to see are the historic post office with its clock tower (1903-4), the war memorial, the rose gardens with the band rotunda, and the town's first church (Bible Christian Church c.1863). The Thomson Memorial church is also a significant local structure. There is also a beautiful 18-hole golf course at the western entrance to the town.
To the south of the town centre is a large peat bed unique to the region. In 1933, while dry, the peat bed began burning but became a shallow lake by the 1940s. The lake is now dry and the land is used by the cricket club, golf club, pony club and croquet club.
Terang has a horse racing club, the Terang & District Racing Club, which schedules around eight race meetings a year including the Terang Cup meeting in October.
Terang Harness Racing Club conducts regular meetings at its racetrack in the town.
Terang College is a school, established in 1848 as Terang Primary School. It educates more than 400 students from Prep to Year 12. It has two campuses, one located on the western (Warrnambool) side of the town while the other is located near Cobden Road, on Strong Street. The western campus houses years Prep to Grade 4 while the Cobden Road Campus has Years 5 - 12.
- John Robertson Duigan MC, the pioneer aviator who built and flew the first Australian-made aircraft, was born in Terang in 1882.
- The Australian immunologist and Nobel laureate Frank Macfarlane Burnet grew up in Terang, whilst his father was a bank manager.
- Author, business advisor and media commentator Bernard Salt was born in Terang and attended Terang High School.
- AFL footballer and Essendon premiership player Chris Heffernan.
- Footscray footballer Dick Wearmouth.
- Collingwood footballer and four-time grand finalist Ronnie Wearmouth.
- Current Melbourne footballer Jordie McKenzie.
- The Standardbred racehorse Gammalite, who was the first Standardbred to win A$1 million in Australia.
Media related to Terang at Wikimedia Commons
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Terang (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 3 July 2015.
- Butler, S., ed. (2009). "Terang". Macquarie Dictionary (5th ed.). Sydney: Macquarie Dictionary Publishers Pty Ltd. ISBN 978-18-7642-966-9.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Terang (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 September 2012.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (9 March 2006). "Terang (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2001 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 1 October 2007.
- Girai Wurrung
- R. A. McAlpine, p65, The Shire of Hampden 1863-1963, Morphet Press Print, 1982
- Premier Postal History, Post Office List, retrieved 2008-04-11
- Sid Brown (March 1990), "Tracks Across the State", Newsrail, Australian Railway Historical Society (Victorian Division), pp. 71–76.
- Full Points Footy, Terang-Mortlake, archived from the original on 30 April 2008, retrieved 2008-07-25
- Country Racing Victoria, Terang & District Racing Club, retrieved 2009-09-30
- Australian Harness Racing, Terang, retrieved 2009-05-11
- Golf Select, Terang, retrieved 2009-05-11