|Color of berry skin||Noir|
|Also called||Teran and other synonyms|
|Origin||Member of the Refosco family. Believed to have originated in Italy.|
Terrano or Teran (in Croatian and Slovenian) is a Croatian, Italian and Slovenian dark-skinned grape variety, bearing the mark of recognized traditional denomination. It is a member of the Refosco family of grape varieties, which also includes Refosco dal Peduncolo Rosso.
Traditional Kraški teran does not age well - notably, chemical analyses have confirmed that the content of bivalent iron starts to diminish radically two years after fermentation - and should be consumed within its first year; after that, the wine quickly loses its attractive vitality and can even become bitter and flat.
Terrano wine is primarily grown in Western Istria wine region of Croatia (called "Istarski Teran" or "Terrano D'Istria" in Italian), as well as on the Karst Plateau within the Slovene Littoral wine region (where it is called Kraški teran) and Italian Carso DOC (with two main varieties called Terrano del Carso and Carso Rosso (red Carso)). Teran is the principal red wine grape in these regions. In Croatia, Teran is considered one of its noblest red grape varieties. Its production in Istria spans over 700 years. In the Carso DOC, the grape is sometimes blended with Piccola nera. In Italy it is also used in the DOC Cagnina di Romagna in Emilia-Romagna.
The Italian and Slovene parts of the Karst Plateau (Carso and Kras, respectively) are located on either side of the Italian-Slovene border. In this area the Terra Rossa is present in part of the municipalities of Sežana and Komen, around the villages of Tomaj and Dutovlje. In Italy, it is present in the area of Monrupino, Sgonico, Duino-Aurisina and in a very limited part of the municipality of Trieste (between Opicina and the Slovenian border). In Croatia, it is found in Western Istria.
History, properties and food matching
Roman naturalist Pliny the Elder wrote that puccinum was the favorite of Augustus's wife Livia who lived to the respectable age of 82. The medicinal properties of lactic acid and bivalent iron, that are highly contained in Kraski teran, have been confirmed by a modern medicine. The wine stimulates the appetite and facilitates digestion of fatty foods.
Kraski teran is traditionally well paired together with pršut (prosciutto or dry-cured ham). However, it matches also with other pork dishes, sausages, pancetta or cooked ham with horseradish (traditional foods of the Karst Plateau and Istria). Kraski teran should be served at 15 - 16 °C (59 - 60.8 °F).
Autochtonous Teran wine is produced exclusively from Teran grapes, a wine under the same name is made of Refosco grapes grown on Terra Rossa, which is the Slovenian produced "Kraski teran", therefore it is often a misnomer when different synonyms may be used: Cagnina (in Emilia-Romagna), Crodarina, Gallizio, Gallizza, Istranin, Istranyun, Istrianka, Istrijanac, Istrijanka, Magnacan, Reffosco, Refosca, Refosco D'Istria, Refosco del Carso, Refosco Magnacan, Refoscone, Refošk, Refošk Istarski and Rifosco.
- Jancis Robinson, ed. (2006). "Teran". Oxford Companion to Wine (Third ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 692. ISBN 0-19-860990-6.
- Terrano, Vitis International Variety Catalogue, accessed 2010-10-23
- Agrotur TERAN PTP / TERRANO, accessed 2012-05-21
- Grča Cellar
- Slovenia vino
- sl:Kraški teran
- J. Robinson, J. Harding and J. Vouillamoz Wine Grapes - A complete guide to 1,368 vine varieties, including their origins and flavours pg 797 Allen Lane 2012 ISBN 978-1-846-14446-2