Taoyuan District

This article is about the current district formerly a county-controlled city. For the current special municipality formerly a county, see Taoyuan, Taiwan. For district in Kaohsiung, see Taoyuan District, Kaohsiung.
Taoyuan District

Clockwise from center: Taoyuan Martyrs' Shrine, Hutoushan Park, Taoyuan Jinfu Temple, Taoyuan Wenchang Temple, Taoyuan Exhibition Center, Taoyuan Confucius Temple, Zhongzhen Road
Coordinates: 25°00′00″N 121°18′00″E / 25.00000°N 121.30000°E / 25.00000; 121.30000
Country Taiwan
Municipality Taoyuan City
  Total 34.8046 km2 (13.4381 sq mi)
Population (January 2016)
  Total 427,815
  Density 12,000/km2 (32,000/sq mi)
Website www.taocity.gov.tw
Taoyuan District office

Taoyuan District (Chinese: 桃園區; pinyin: Táoyuán Qū), formerly known as Taoyuan City (桃園市), is a district of Taoyuan City in northwestern Taiwan. The seat of Taoyuan City is situated whithin its borders. It is the most populous district among the 12 districts of Taoyuan City, and the second most populous among the many districts of Taiwan, with the most populous being Banqiao District in New Taipei City.


Street scene in Tōen ca. 1939, during Japanese rule.

Taoyuan is the native home to the plains tribes of Taiwanese aborigines. Taoyuan's old name was Toahong[1] (Chinese: 桃仔園; pinyin: Táozǐyuán; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Thô-á-hn̂g; literally: "peach orchard") since there used to be many peach blossoms in the area.

Empire of Japan

In November 1901, under Japanese rule, a local administrative office, Toshien Chō (桃仔園廳), was established in the area. In 1909, the number of chō were reduced and the local unit was renamed Tōen Chō (桃園廳). In 1920, the area was renamed Tōen Town (桃園街), and incorporated into Tōen District, Shinchiku Prefecture as a county jurisdiction.

Republic of China

After the handover of Taiwan from Japan to the Republic of China, it was "Taoyuan Town, Taoyuan County." On 21 April 1971, Taoyuan was upgraded from an urban township to a county-controlled city called Taoyuan City.[2] On 25 December 2014, the city was upgraded to become a district called Taoyuan District of the newly formed Taoyuan City from the former Taoyuan County.


Taoyuan is located on the Taoyuan Plateau, contiguous on the northeast to Guishan District. The Nankan River is Taoyuan's largest river, flowing from the southeast to the northwest.


Taoyuan has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification: Cfa), with hot summers and mild winters. Precipitation is high throughout the year and is generally higher in the first half of the year. Due to the effect of wind from mainland China, Taoyuan is typically cooler than New Taipei, despite having a lower latitude.

Administrative divisions

Dalin Village, Dafeng Village, Jianguo Village, Yunlin Village, Fuan Village, Fulin Village, Fenglin Village, Zhonghe Village, Zhongxing Village, Wenhua Village, Wenchang Village, Wenming Village, Beimen Village, Minsheng Village, Yongxing Village, Guangxing Village, Ximen Village, Xihu Village, Wuling Village, Zhangmei Village, Nanmen Village, Nanhua Village, Zhongshan Village, Zhongping Village, Zhongzheng Village, Zhongcheng Village, Zhongxin Village, Zhongyuan Village, Zhongtai Village, Zhongsheng Village, Zhonglu Village, Zhongde Village, Wenzhong Village, Yushan Village, Taishan Village, Longshan Village, Longan Village, Longgang Village, Longxiang Village, Longshou Village, Longfeng Village, Zhongpu Village, Zhongning Village, Beipu Village, Yongan Village, Tongan Village, Tongde Village, Zijiang Village, Xipu Village, Mingde Village, Tungpu Village, Zhangan Village, Zhangde Village, Xinguang Village, Nanpu Village, Zhuangjing Village, Ciwen Village, Xinpu Village, Ruiqing Village, Bao'an Village, Baoqing Village, Sanyuan Village, Sanmin Village, Dayou Village, Daxing Village, Chenggong Village, Bianzhou Village, Zhongyi Village, Tungshan Village, Tungmen Village, Jingxi Village, Chunri Village, Zhaoyang Village, Guiji Village, Wanshou Village, Baoshan Village.

Government institutions


Within Taoyuan, there are five high schools, 12 junior high schools, 23 primary schools, and an "intelligence initiation school." Taoyuan is also home to a number of buxibans, or cram schools or language schools, which teach additional courses in mathematics, English, science, etc. There are also 10 universities located in Taoyuan.


Taoyuan was one of the host cities for the Taiwan European Film Festival in 2012.[3]

Companies headquartered or located in Taoyuan City include

This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it.



Taoyuan Station


Taoyuan Bus Company

Zhongli Bus Company

United Highway Bus Company

San Chung Bus Company

Zhinan Bus Company


Taoyuan Metro

International relations

Twin towns – Sister cities

Taoyuan is twinned with:

Tourist attractions


Wikimedia Commons has media related to Taoyuan District, Taoyuan.

Coordinates: 24°59′20″N 121°18′40″E / 24.98889°N 121.31111°E / 24.98889; 121.31111

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