Clockwise from center: Taoyuan Martyrs' Shrine, Hutoushan Park, Taoyuan Jinfu Temple, Taoyuan Wenchang Temple, Taoyuan Exhibition Center, Taoyuan Confucius Temple, Zhongzhen Road
|Coordinates: 25°00′00″N 121°18′00″E / 25.00000°N 121.30000°E|
|• Total||34.8046 km2 (13.4381 sq mi)|
|Population (January 2016)|
|• Density||12,000/km2 (32,000/sq mi)|
Taoyuan District (Chinese: 桃園區; pinyin: Táoyuán Qū), formerly known as Taoyuan City (桃園市), is a district of Taoyuan City in northwestern Taiwan. The seat of Taoyuan City is situated whithin its borders. It is the most populous district among the 12 districts of Taoyuan City, and the second most populous among the many districts of Taiwan, with the most populous being Banqiao District in New Taipei City.
Taoyuan is the native home to the plains tribes of Taiwanese aborigines. Taoyuan's old name was Toahong (Chinese: 桃仔園; pinyin: Táozǐyuán; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Thô-á-hn̂g; literally: "peach orchard") since there used to be many peach blossoms in the area.
Empire of Japan
In November 1901, under Japanese rule, a local administrative office, Toshien Chō (桃仔園廳), was established in the area. In 1909, the number of chō were reduced and the local unit was renamed Tōen Chō (桃園廳). In 1920, the area was renamed Tōen Town (桃園街), and incorporated into Tōen District, Shinchiku Prefecture as a county jurisdiction.
Republic of China
After the handover of Taiwan from Japan to the Republic of China, it was "Taoyuan Town, Taoyuan County." On 21 April 1971, Taoyuan was upgraded from an urban township to a county-controlled city called Taoyuan City. On 25 December 2014, the city was upgraded to become a district called Taoyuan District of the newly formed Taoyuan City from the former Taoyuan County.
- Area: 34.80 km2 (13.44 sq mi)
- Elevation: 157 ft (48 m)
- Population: 427,815 people (January 2016)
Taoyuan has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification: Cfa), with hot summers and mild winters. Precipitation is high throughout the year and is generally higher in the first half of the year. Due to the effect of wind from mainland China, Taoyuan is typically cooler than New Taipei, despite having a lower latitude.
Dalin Village, Dafeng Village, Jianguo Village, Yunlin Village, Fuan Village, Fulin Village, Fenglin Village, Zhonghe Village, Zhongxing Village, Wenhua Village, Wenchang Village, Wenming Village, Beimen Village, Minsheng Village, Yongxing Village, Guangxing Village, Ximen Village, Xihu Village, Wuling Village, Zhangmei Village, Nanmen Village, Nanhua Village, Zhongshan Village, Zhongping Village, Zhongzheng Village, Zhongcheng Village, Zhongxin Village, Zhongyuan Village, Zhongtai Village, Zhongsheng Village, Zhonglu Village, Zhongde Village, Wenzhong Village, Yushan Village, Taishan Village, Longshan Village, Longan Village, Longgang Village, Longxiang Village, Longshou Village, Longfeng Village, Zhongpu Village, Zhongning Village, Beipu Village, Yongan Village, Tongan Village, Tongde Village, Zijiang Village, Xipu Village, Mingde Village, Tungpu Village, Zhangan Village, Zhangde Village, Xinguang Village, Nanpu Village, Zhuangjing Village, Ciwen Village, Xinpu Village, Ruiqing Village, Bao'an Village, Baoqing Village, Sanyuan Village, Sanmin Village, Dayou Village, Daxing Village, Chenggong Village, Bianzhou Village, Zhongyi Village, Tungshan Village, Tungmen Village, Jingxi Village, Chunri Village, Zhaoyang Village, Guiji Village, Wanshou Village, Baoshan Village.
Within Taoyuan, there are five high schools, 12 junior high schools, 23 primary schools, and an "intelligence initiation school." Taoyuan is also home to a number of buxibans, or cram schools or language schools, which teach additional courses in mathematics, English, science, etc. There are also 10 universities located in Taoyuan.
Companies headquartered or located in Taoyuan City include
- Atotech Taiwan
- Wacoal Taiwan
- Ford Motor Company
- SHL - Scandinavian Health Limited
Twin towns – Sister cities
Taoyuan is twinned with:
- Chinese Furniture Museum
- Coca-Cola Museum
- Taoyuan Arts Center
- Taoyuan Martyrs' Shrine
- Taoyuan Jingfu Temple
- Taoyuan Confucian Temple
- Davidson, James W. (1903). The Island of Formosa, Past and Present : history, people, resources, and commercial prospects : tea, camphor, sugar, gold, coal, sulphur, economical plants, and other productions. London and New York: Macmillan. p. 597. OCLC 1887893. OL 6931635M.
- Bartholomew, Ian (November 11, 2012). "European film festival opens". Taipei Times.
- "Radom - Miasta partnerskie" [Radom - Partnership cities]. Miasto Radom [City of Radom] (in Polish). Archived from the original on 2013-04-03. Retrieved 2013-08-07.
- Ginsburg, Norton Sydney (et al.) (1991). The Extended metropolis: settlement transition in Asia. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 9780824812973. Retrieved February 6, 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Taoyuan District, Taoyuan.|
- Taoyuan City Office (English)