Tando Adam Khan
Tando Adam (Urdu: ٹنڈو آدم) (Sindhi: ٽنڊو آدم) is a City in Sindh, Pakistan. The city is also called Daran Jo Shehar (City of Gates) (درن جو شهر), because it had eight gates in different places. It was formerly under Nawab Shah district (now known as Shaheed Benazir Abad District) until 1955 and later became part of Sanghar District. Tando Adam was founded by Mir Adam Khan Mari, which is called "cantonment" for "Tando" in Balochi. Tando Adam is known for its industries and its agriculture; crops raised nearby include sugar-cane, wheat, cotton, bananas, and mangoes.
Tando Adam has number of ancient sites, including mosques and Hindu temples. The shrine of the poet Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai is located 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) from Tando Adam. Now Tando Adam has a medical college namely; 'Suleman khan Medical College' at Hyderabad Road near Suleman Roshan Hospital.
The town has many emerging and established industries with Ismail jee considered the trade hub of the district. Tando Adam has the biggest power loom industry in Pakistan. Numerous fruit juice, paper products, cotton ginning and cottage industries also contribute to the national exchequer. Tando Adam is an economic center for Sanghar District. Its labour mostly came from Bangla road, Joharabad (formerly known as Jatia Para). There are more than 20 cotton ginning factories. The telecommunication industry also plays a vital role in the economic life of Tando Adam.
Tando Adam is full of bazaars, mosques, shrines and plenty of places to eat. Notable dishes of the city include sajji special dessert barfi (known as "maawa"), badayoon pera and lassi of Mastana are specialties known for their unique taste around the country.
Tando Adam is home to many public and private educational institutions. Public institutions include New Ali Garh Government College, Government Girls Degree College, Sir Syed Government High School, Government Shah Abdul Latif High School and Government Fatimah Jinnah Girls High School. Private educational institutions include but not limited to Haji Roshan Din Girls and Boys High Schools,Al-Saeed Islamic Public School, Sir Syed Children Academy High School, Sayara Khanum High School and The City School. The Educators, Smart School and Bahria Foundation school and college have also joined this league in the last years. The major business areas are linked with Muhammad Ali (M.A) Jinnah road. Muhammadi Chowk is the transit hub for proceeding to Hyderabad via the national highway and to Tando Allahyar.
The population of marri is 5% & 90% Muslim, 6% Hindu, and 1% Christian. Ethnically, 50% are Sindhi, 30% are Muhajir, 10% are Punjabi, 28% are Pashtun, and 2% are Gujarati/Godhry Waly and 2% other ethnicity. The Muhajirs, Pashtun & Gujarati/Godhry Waly arrived in the area following the 1947 partition of British India into India and Pakistan. The official language of the city is Sindhi; other languages spoken include Urdu, Siraiki, Balochi, Pashto, Punjabi, Gujarati/Godhry Wali, and Marwari minzai language. Sindhi is a medium of communication.
- See Census of Pakistan, 1961, West Pakistan Population Volume, Table 4 (II-130)