Tamahaq language

Native to Algeria, Libya, Niger
Region Sahara
Native speakers
(undated figure of 40,000 in Algeria)[1]
40,000 Libya & Niger (1998–2006)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 thv
Glottolog taha1241[2]

Tamahaq is the only known Northern Tuareg language spoken in Algeria, western Libya, and northern Niger. It varies little from the southern languages of Ayr, Azawagh and Adagh. The differences mostly being substitution of sounds, such as Tamahaq instead of Tamajaq or Tamasheq.


There are three main varieties of Tamahaq:

According to Blench (2006), Tahaggart and Ghat are distinct Tuareg languages.


  1. 1 2 Tamahaq at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Tahaggart Tamahaq". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.

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