Tallong, New South Wales
New South Wales
Tallong Railway Station, which opened in 1869
|Coordinates||34°43′0″S 150°05′0″E / 34.71667°S 150.08333°ECoordinates: 34°43′0″S 150°05′0″E / 34.71667°S 150.08333°E|
|Population||715 (2011 census)|
|Elevation||448 m (1,470 ft)|
|Region||Southern Tablelands, Southern Highlands|
Tallong is a village within the Southern Tablelands region of New South Wales, Australia, in Goulburn-Mulwaree Council. The village is located just outside the southern extremity of the Southern Highlands region and has some cultural and historic connections with this region also. In the 2011 census, the village had a population of 715. The town is 8.5 km from the town of Marulan and 25 km from the town of Bundanoon.
The principal industries of the village include stud farms, arts and crafts and services for surrounding farms.
The original settlement was named Barber's Creek after the watercourse that runs through the town. In the early twentieth century the town was renamed "Tallong" after an Aboriginal word meaning either "tongue" or "spring of water".
The first European settler in the area was George Barber, a cattle farmer. In 1814 Barber established a cattle station along what became known as Barber's Creek. In 1821 he received a grant of 300 acres (120 ha) covering the general Tallong-Marulan district, to be converted from cedar brush to farmland. Before his death in a riding accident in 1844, Barber had extended his local landholdings to 4,000 acres (1,600 ha), which he named "Glenrock". He is buried in the Old Marulan Cemetery in Marulan.
In the late 1820s, that portion of Barber's land that would eventually become the township was sold or reallocated to Sydney entrepreneur and mariner Billy Blue. Convict labour was used to clear the grazing land and prepare a route for the Main South railway line to Goulburn. Tallong was selected as the location for a railway refuelling point, and the town's initial population consisted of convicts, woodcutters, railway workers and their families.
By 1900, cattle grazing was slowly giving way to a thriving fruit industry, known particularly for apples and pears. The village sent an annual exhibit of a tall pyramid of fruit to the Sydney Royal Easter Show; Tallong's apples and pears took top honours several times throughout the early part of the twentieth century.
The population reached 200 in 1920, and a Memorial Hall was constructed to mark the town's growth and record the servise of local residents in World War I. The Hall and war memorial are still standing today.
In 1955 the Australian poet and novelist Seaforth Mackenzie drowned while attempting to swim across Tallong (formerly Barber's) Creek near the town.
Tallong was destroyed in the Chatsbury bushfire of 1965. Its economy did not fully recover and the award-winning fruit industry folded. Many residents moved and the post office and a number of small businesses closed.
Furthermore, the village is home to two lookouts on the plateau that makes up the Shoalhaven Gorge (a 1,500-foot (460 m) which looks over the drop to the Shoalhaven River) and Morton National Park. The lookouts are known as Badgerys Lookout and Longpoint Lookout.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tallong, New South Wales.|
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Tallong". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 February 2013.
- "Genoplesium plumosum (a terrestrial orchid) - endangered species listing". Department of Environment and Climate Change. 18 July 1997. Retrieved 2007-02-05.
- "Corunastylis plumosum Plumed Midge-orchid". Department of the Environment and Water Resources. Retrieved 2007-02-05.
- "Tallong". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 4 August 2013.
- "Tallong History". The Southern Highlands Online. November 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-30.
- "Mulwaree Shire Community Heritage Study (Part 5)" (PDF). Goulburn Mulwaree Council. 2004. Retrieved 2007-11-30.
- The Tallong Public School, Peter Westren, ed., privately published, Tallong: 1990.
- Southern Village View Magazine, Published Quarterly by the Southern Village View Association Inc. Wingello, NSW.