Tai Dón people

White Tai
Total population
Regions with significant populations
Tai Kao, Lao, others
Animist, Theravada Buddhism, Christianity

White Tai or Tai Kao, Tai Dón, Dai Duan is an ethnic group of Laos and Vietnam.

Geographic Distribution

There are approximately 280,000 White Tai in Vietnam (2002), 200,000 in Laos (1995) and 10,000 in Yunan province, China (1995).[1]


See also: Shan people

The White Tai migrated from China to Laos several centuries ago, settling along the Red and Black Rivers.[2][3]


The White Tai speak a language called Tai Kao, also called Tai Dón. It is a Tai–Kadai language.[2]


Men are the heads of White Tai households, although division of labor is nearly equal.[2]


The White Tai believe in multiple personal souls and hold ceremonies to recall those souls to strengthen their character.[2]


  1. 1 2 Tai Dón. Ethnologue.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 The White Tai of Laos
  3. Forbes, Andrew, and Henley, David: Vietnam Past and Present: The North (History and culture of Hanoi and Tonkin). Chiang Mai. Cognoscenti Books, 2012. ASIN: B006DCCM9Q.
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