TS Patriot State
USTS Patriot State (circa 1990s)
|Name:||USTS Patriot State|
|Owner:||U.S. Maritime Administration|
|Operator:||Massachusetts Maritime Academy|
|Builder:||Bethlehem Sparrows Point Shipyard, Baltimore, Maryland|
|Completed:||April 7, 1964|
|Out of service:||1999|
|Homeport:||Buzzards Bay, Massachusetts|
|Class and type:||C4-S1-49a - Cargo/passenger vessel|
|Displacement:||19,799 long tons (20,117 t)|
|Length:||546 ft 8 in (166.62 m)|
|Beam:||79 ft (24 m)|
|Draft:||29 ft 0 in (8.84 m)|
|Depth:||48 ft 0 in (14.63 m)|
|Propulsion:||2 × Type D steam engines, steam turbines, single screw|
|Speed:||20.5 knots (38.0 km/h; 23.6 mph)|
|Complement:||50 crew, 648 cadets and faculty|
USTS Patriot State , IMO number 293943, formerly Santa Mercedes, was a training vessel of the United States Maritime Service. Originally build as a cargo/passenger liner for the Grace Line, it was later converted to a training vessel for the Massachusetts Maritime Academy.
Santa Mercedes was built by Bethlehem Steel at its Sparrows Point Shipyard and delivered to the Grace Lines as the last of four cargo/passenger vessels intended to modernize its fleet. These "M" ships also included Santa Magdalena, Santa Mariana, and Santa Maria, and carried up to 125 passengers as well as various break-bulk and container cargo. Santa Mercedes traveled between New York City and the west coast of South America. Due to political instability in South America and depreciating currencies in the region, the shipping service was sold to Prudential Lines in 1969, which operated until 1977 when it sold its assets to Delta Line. Shortly afterwards, all four ships in the class were sold to the Maritime Administration, and in 1984 the Santa Mercedes was laid up James River, Virginia as part of the Maritime Administration's National Defense Reserve Fleet.
The Massachusetts Maritime Academy acquired the vessel in 1984 and renamed it Patriot State. It was converted to a training vessel in two stages by the Triple A Shipyard in San Francisco, California and Bender Shipyard in Mobile, Alabama. The cargo handling gear was removed, except for the forward yard and stay rig, and teaching facilities installed. Patriot State entered service as a training ship in the Spring of 1986. Fourteen training cruises from 1986-98, typically lasting around sixty days during the winter, were used to provide cadets with practical experience. Over the ship's service, various improvements were made to the berthing spaces, and controlled superheaters were installed on the boilers to increase the top safe speed of the ship.
In 1998, ultrasonic surveys determined that extensive corrosion in the hull and bulkheads had compromised the seaworthiness of the ship. Extensive repairs would have been necessary, so large portions of its propulsion system were removed by MMA cadets for use as static training aids. The Patriot State was laid up in the James River, Virginia as part of the Maritime Administrations National Defense Reserve Fleet. In 2001, the Cape Bon was moved to Buzzards Bay, MA for preparation to replace TS Patriot State as the Training Ship for the Massachusetts Maritime Academy, and is now in service as TS Kennedy.
Patriot State continued to be used by various law enforcement and military services for close-quarter counter-terrorist training exercises while berthed in the James River Reserve Fleet. In 2011 the vessel was formally withdrawn from service and was towed to a scrapyard in Brownsville, Texas.
- Colton, Tim. "Yardlist for Bethlehem Steel Company, Sparrows Point MD". Shipbuilding History. www.ShipbuildingHistory.com. Retrieved 7 October 2016.
- "NATIONAL REGISTER ELIGIBILITY ASSESSMENT VESSEL: T.S. Patriot State, ex-Santa Mercedes" (PDF). MARAD. US Maritime Administration. Retrieved 7 October 2016.
- "History of T.S. Patriot State". MMA Training Ship from 1986-1998. Massachusetts Maritime Academy. Retrieved 7 October 2016.
- "Patriot State Equipment Removal". MMA Training Ship from 1986-1998. Massachusetts Maritime Academy. Retrieved 7 October 2016.
- "Patriot State - Milestones". MARAD Patriot State. US Maritime Administration. Retrieved 7 October 2016.
- "History of the T.S. Enterprise". Training Ships of Massachusetts Maritime Academy. Massahusetts Maritime Academy. Retrieved 7 October 2016.
- "MARAD Projects". All Star Metals. All Star Metals, LLC. Retrieved 7 October 2016.
- MARAD Status page
- Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) No. VA-135, "Patriot State, James River Reserve Fleet, Newport News, Newport News, VA"