Location of Tállya
|Coordinates: 48°14′07″N 21°13′31″E / 48.23519°N 21.22522°ECoordinates: 48°14′07″N 21°13′31″E / 48.23519°N 21.22522°E|
|• Total||37.96 km2 (14.66 sq mi)|
|• Density||56.66/km2 (146.7/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
As of the census of 2001, there are 2205 people residing in the village; 98.4% Magyars, 1.3% Romani, and 0.3% other. The population density is 58/km². There are 1004 housing units at an average density of 26.44/km².
The area has been inhabited since ancient times. The village was first mentioned in the 13th century. According to some sources the area was settled by Walloon settlers, who brought viticulture to the area; the name of the village possibly comes from the French word taille (meaning "cutting", referring that the tres of forests on the hills had to be cut so that vine can grow there).
Tállya soon became the most important village of the Tokaj-Hegyalja wine district. A letter by Bishop Andrew from 1272 mentions that after the Mongol invasion (1241–42) Italians settled down in the area. Tállya also had a castle by then, which has been destroyed since then, but some of the ruins still can be seen.
In the 17th century Tállya was already mentioned as a town, surrounded by a wall and a moat. In 1631 Ferdinand II gave the town right to hold a market and exempted its citizens from taxes. In 1683 Imre Thököly and his supporters met in Tállya during his fight to free Hungary from Habsburg rule; after the freedom fight the imperial troops pillaged the area, which led to the Hegyalja uprising in 1697.
In a census from the mid-1780s Tállya was the largest town of Zemplén county with a population of 4388. The quick development of the town was mostly due to its vineyards and its hospitality. Anyone who wanted to settle down in Tállya was exempt from paying taxes for 12 years if he plants a vineyard. Still Tállya lost its town rights in 1896 because it couldn't afford paying the expenses of being a town.
World War I and II claimed the lives of 110 and 87 Tállya soldiers, respectively. Soviet troops occupied the village on December 14, 1944.
After the war the population started to decrease mostly because the village's distance from main roads, the lack of markets for wine, the decreasing price of wine, and the Socialist régime's industrial politics which tended to favor the major cities over smaller settlements. By 1980 Tállya had only 2815 residents.
- Prince Francis II Rákóczi presented Louis XIV of France with Tállya wine. The king allegedly said: "This is the king of wines, the wine of kings!"
- Another legend says that at the Council of Trent a Hungarian bishop gave a taste of Tállya wine to Pope Pius IV, who said Summum pontificem talia vina decent – a Latin word play meaning "Tállya wine / This kind of wine is worthy to be on His Holiness' table!"
- It has been said that Lajos Kossuth was baptized in Tállya in 1802, since his hometown Monok didn't have a Protestant church. Recently this proved to be only a legend.
- Tállya is also said to be the geometrical centre of Europe, but since many other places claim this distinction, it seem to depend on what countries and areas one counts as Europeans.
- Lavotta Guest House (in Hungarian, English, German)
- Map of the village
- A short description of the area
- Official site (Hungarian only)