Swiss National Park
|Swiss National Park|
|Parc Naziunal Svizzer|
|Coordinates||46°40′N 10°12′E / 46.667°N 10.200°ECoordinates: 46°40′N 10°12′E / 46.667°N 10.200°E|
|Established||1 August 1914|
The Swiss National Park (German: Schweizerischer Nationalpark; French: Parc National Suisse; Italian: Parco Nazionale Svizzero; Romansh: Parc Naziunal Svizzer) is located in the Western Rhaetian Alps, in eastern Switzerland. It is within the canton of Graubünden, between Zernez, S-chanf, Scuol, and the Fuorn Pass in the Engadin valley on the border with Italy.
It is part of the worldwide UNESCO Biosphere Reserve.
It was founded on 1 August 1914, the national holiday of Switzerland. It was one of the earliest national parks in Europe.
As of 2009, it is the only National Park in Switzerland, though there are plans to create more. It has an area of 174.2 km² and is the largest protected area of the country.
In the park, one is not allowed to leave marked paths, make fire or sleep outside the Chamanna Cluozza; the mountain hut located in the park. It is also forbidden to disturb the animals or the plants, or to take home anything found in the park. Dogs are not allowed, not even on a leash. Due to these strict rules, the Swiss National Park is the only park in the Alps who has been categorized by the IUCN as a strict nature reserve, which is the highest protection level.
In addition to the Swiss National Park, Switzerland also has sixteen regional nature parks.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Swiss National Park.|
- Official website
- Martin Bundi: Swiss National Park in Romansh, German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
- Stephanie Summermatter: Protection of nature in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.