|Coordinates: TR 36°58′35″N 38°25′37″E / 36.97639°N 38.42694°ECoordinates: TR 36°58′35″N 38°25′37″E / 36.97639°N 38.42694°E|
|• Mayor||Orhan Şansal (BDP)|
|• Kaymakam||Mehmet Sinan Yıldız|
|• District||735.19 km2 (283.86 sq mi)|
|• District density||140/km2 (360/sq mi)|
The modern Turkish name "Suruç" is derived from Serugh (Syriac: ܣܪܘܓ, Sĕrûḡ, pronounced as if Sıruğ in Modern Turkish orthography, but present pronunciation influenced by Arabic: سروج, sarūj meaning: "saddle"), the pre-Islamic name for the area. The name literally means "woven" (Hebrew: סרוג 'sarug' meaning: "knitted") or "latticed", and either refers to weaving or saddle making, both of which are traditional in the district. Alternatively, the name is associated with Serug (Hebrew: שרוג, śərûḡ) the great-grandfather of Abraham (Genesis 11:20–23; I Chronicles 1:26; Luke 3:35).
The main town of the district is also called Suruç. However, the older name for the town is Batnan or Batnae (Syriac: ܒܛܢܢ, Baṭnān; Greek: Βάτναι, Batnai; Latin: Batnae). The site of the Ancient city is still called Tell-Batnan. Today, Suruç is an agricultural district, famous for pomegranates.
In antiquity the Sumerians built a settlement in the area. The city was a centre of silk-making. They were succeeded by a number of other Mesopotamian civilisations.
The Roman Emperor Constantine I brought the town under the control of the city of Edessa (modern day Şanlıurfa). One of the most famous residents of the district is its 6th century Syriac bishop and poet-theologian Jacob of Serugh.
Suruç was occupied in 1918 by British and in 1919 by French troops, but was freed by a local resistance struggle. Today, Suruç is inhabited mostly by ethnic Kurds.
On 19 October 2014, journalist Serena Shim was killed in Suruç. This was considered suspicious since a couple days earlier Shim was accused of espionage connected with the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant and two days earlier she talked on air about how MIT (Turkish Intelligence) threatened her.
On 20 July 2015, at approximately 12:50 GMT, the 2015 Suruç bombing occurred, killing 32 people and injuring others outside the Amara Cultural Center.
Like most Kurds in Turkey, the vast majority of the residents of the Suruç district are adherents of Sunni Islam. However, there is a significant presence of Shia Muslims especially in northern areas.
Ecclesiastical history of Batnae
It would be nominally restored in two different titular bishoprics, for different Catholic rite-specific particular churches.
Latin titular see
Established in 1933.
Is vacant since decades, having had only two incumbents, both of the lowest (episcopal) rank :
- Gabriel Naamo (1938.09.30 – 1957.06.28)
- Simeon Kokov (Kokoff), Capuchin Franciscans (O.F.M. Cap.) (1958.04.20 – 1974.07.11)
Syriac titular see
Established in the early 20th century, under repeatedly changed names: 'Bathna(-Jarug), Bathnan(Sarugh), Bathnae). Suppressed in 1933, restored under its present name in 1965.
It has had the following incumbents, all of the lowest (episcopal) rank :
- Teofilo Gabriele Tappouni (Dionisio) (1913.01.19 – 1921.02.24), as Auxiliary Eparch of Mardin and Amida of the Syrians (Turkey) (1912.09.14 – 1921.02.24); previously Titular Bishop of Danaba-orum (1912.09.14 – 1913.01.19); later Archeparch of Aleppo of the Syrians (Syria) (1921.02.24 – 1929.06.24), Eparch of Mardin and Amida of the Syrians (1929.06.24 – 1962), Patriarch of Antioch of the Syrians (Lebanon) ([1929.06.24] 1929.07.15 – 1968.01.29), created Cardinal-Priest of Ss. XII Apostoli (1935.12.19 – 1965.02.11), promoted Cardinal-Patriarch (1965.02.11 – 1968.01.29)
- Atanasio Behnam Kalian (1921.02.26 – 1929.08.06) as Auxiliary Bishop of Antioch of the Syrians (Lebanon) (1921.02.26 – 1929.08.06), Auxiliary Bishop of Mardin and Amida of the Syrians (Turkey) (1921.02.26 – 1929.08.06), later Archeparch of Baghdad of the Syrians (Iraq) (1929.08.06 – death 1949.02.17)
- Bishop-elect Basile Pierre Habra (1963.05.01 – 1963.07.06)
- Gregorios Elias Tabé (1995.06.24 – 1996.05.25) as Auxiliary Bishop of Antioch of the Syrians (Lebanon) (1995.06.24 – 1997), later Titular Bishop of Mardin of the Syrians (1996.05.25 – 1999.05.08), Bishop of Curia of the Syrians (1997 – 1999.05.08), Coadjutor Archeparch of Damascus of the Syrians (Syria) (1999.05.08 – 2001.06.24), succeeding as Metropolitan Archbishop of Damascus of the Syrians (2001.06.24 – ...)
- Grégoire Pierre Abdel-Ahad (1996.06.29 – 2001.02.16) while Patriarchal Vicar of Jerusalem of the Syrians (Palestine and Jordan) (1978 – 1991 and (1991 – 2000), later Patriarch of Antioch of the Syrians (Lebanon) ([2001.02.16] 2001.02.24 – 2008.01.25), President of Synod of the Syriac Catholic Church (2001.02.24 – 2008.01.25)
- Grégoire Pierre Melki (2002.02.25 – ...), Patriarchal Exarch of Jerusalem of the Syrians (Palestine and Jordan, see in the Holy Land)
- Suruç Water Tunnel, Turkey's longest water tunnel
- "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
- "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
- "Suspected ISIS bombing kills 27 in Turkish border town". 20 July 2015. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
Sources and External links
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Suruç.|
- GigaCatholic - Latin titular see with incumbent biography links
- GigaCatholic - Syriac titular see with incumbent biography links