Sun Yat-sen University

This article is about the university in Guangzhou. For other uses, see Sun Yat-sen University (disambiguation).
Sun Yat-sen University
Former names
National Guangdong University
Motto 博学、审问、慎思、明辨、笃行[1]
Motto in English
Study Extensively, Enquire Accurately, Reflect Carefully, Discriminate Clearly, Practise Earnestly[2]
Type Public
Established 1924
President Luo Jun
Academic staff
Undergraduates 21,623
Postgraduates 14,465
Location Guangzhou(South, North and East Campus)/Zhuhai(Zhuhai Campus), Guangdong, People's Republic of China
Campus Urban, 6.17 km²
Affiliations Project 985, Project 211, APAIE, The Peking Union
Sun Yat-sen University
Simplified Chinese 中山大学
Traditional Chinese 中山大學

Sun Yat-sen University, also known as Zhongshan University, is a public university in Guangdong, People's Republic of China. It was founded in 1924 by Sun Yat-sen, a revolutionary and the founding father of the Republic of China.

The school's main campus, commonly referred to as the South Campus, is located in Haizhu District, Guangzhou, inheriting the campus of the former Lingnan University. Three of its four campuses are also located in Guangzhou, including the new East Campus in the Guangzhou Higher Education Mega Center, and the medically oriented North Campus.[3] The school also has a new campus in Zhuhai, which is the largest among the four campuses.

Consistently ranked among the top 10 universities in mainland China,[4][5] Sun Yat-sen University provides undergraduate and graduate instruction in the humanities, social sciences, natural sciences, technology, medical science, pharmacology and managerial science.

The university's assets include the world's fastest supercomputer Tianhe-2, which is valued at 2.4 billion yuan (CNY)(US$390 million).[6] The university also has the largest affiliated hospital system in mainland China.[7] The university's Zhuhai Campus owns the largest teaching building in Asia measured by acreage.[8]

Two of the university's business education institutions, Sun Yat-sen Business School (SYSBS) and Lingnan (University) College are triple accredited by EQUIS, AACSB and AMBA. Only 3 business schools in mainland China hold this Triple accreditation.[9]

Sun Yat-sen Statue in front of Swasey Hall
North Gate of South Campus
Blackstone Lodge
Grand Hall
Yichou Scholar Memorial Gate


University Seal, 1932-1949
National Sun Yat-sen University
Wenming Road Campus, 1924-1935
Bell Tower, Hosting space of the 1st National Congress of Kuomintang (KMT).

Present-day Sun Yat-sen University is the result of multiple mergers as well as splits and restructurings that have involved more than a dozen academic institutions over time. The most recent merger happened in 2001, when Sun Yat-sen University of Medical Science merged with Sun Yat-sen University and became Sun Yat-sen College of Medical Science.

Sun Yat-sen University

In 1924, Dr. Sun Yat-sen founded National Canton University (国立广东大学) and inscribed in his own handwriting the school motto of "Study Extensively, Enquire Accurately, Reflect Carefully, Discriminate Clearly, Practise Earnestly."[1][2] After the death of Sun Yat-sen, the national government that was set up during the first cooperation between the Communists and Nationalists formally decreed to change its name to Sun Yat-sen University on July 17, 1926. In 1926, there were five National Sun Yat-sen (Zhongshan) Universities: National First Sun Yat-sen (Zhongshan) University in Guangzhou (the current Sun Yat-sen University), National Second Sun Yat-sen (Zhongshan) University in Wuhan (the current Wuhan University), National Third Sun Yat-sen (Zhongshan) University in Zhejiang (the current Zhejiang University), National Fourth Sun Yat-sen (Zhongshan) University in Nanjing (the current Nanjing University, National Fifth Sun Yat-sen (Zhongshan) University in Zhengzhou (the current Henan University). In the 1930s, there were seven schools in the university: the Schools of Arts, Sciences, Law, Engineering, Agricultural Studies, Medicine and Education. In 1935, Tsinghua University, Peking University and Sun Yat-sen University set up the first graduate schools in China and began to enroll graduate students. In the 1950s, colleges, schools and departments were readjusted nationwide, and Sun Yat-sen University became a comprehensive university with the liberal arts and sciences as its backbone disciplines.

In history, all the Sun Yat-sen Universities were the products of one-party state, based-on the political ideology with socialism characteristics.[10]

Sun Yat-sen University of Medical Sciences

One of the predecessors of the Sun Yat-sen University of Medical Science was the Pok Tsai Medical School, which, founded in 1866, was the earliest institution of learning of western medicine in China, where Sun Yat-sen once studied and engaged in revolutionary activities. The Pok Tsai Medical School evolved into the College of Medicine of Lingnan University in 1936. The Kung Yee Medical School and Hospital in Guangzhou (Canton) was founded in 1908. In 1925, the Kung Yee institutions were taken over by the government and became the Medical Department of the National First Sun Yat-sen (Zhongshan) University.[11] In 1953, the Colleges of Medicine in Sun Yat-sen University and Lingnan University merged to form the College of Medicine of South China, which was joined by the Guangdong Guanghua College of Medicine in 1954. The university was renamed Guangzhou College of Medicine and Sun Yat-sen College of Medical Science successively, and finally Sun Yat-sen University of Medical Science in 1985, which has developed steadfastly into a comprehensive medical university with multi-schools and multiple levels, has reached national advanced level and achieved remarkable successes in scientific research in medical genetics, ophthalmology, tumor study, parasite study, the kidney disease of internal medicine, organ transplant, infectious liver disease, biological medical project and molecular medical science. In 2001, Sun Yat-sen University of Medical Science merged with Sun Yat-sen University and became Sun Yat-sen College of Medical Science.

Lingnan University

Martin Hall of Lingnan University,1907

Lingnan University (Chinese: 岭南大学) was a private university established by a group of American missionaries in Guangzhou in 1888. At its founding it was named Canton Christian College (格致书院).

The Hackett Medical College for Women (夏葛女子医学院, the first medical college for women in China) and its affiliated hospital known as David Gregg Hospital for Women and Children (柔济医院),[12][13][14][15][16][17] located in Guangzhou, China, were parts of a medical center that was founded by female medical missionary Dr. Mary H. Fulton (1854-1927). Dr. Fulton was sent by the Foreign Missions Board of the Presbyterian Church (USA), with the support of the Lafayette Avenue Presbyterian Church of Brooklyn, New York, of which David Gregg was pastor[18][19] The College was dedicated in 1902 and offered a four-year medical curriculum. At the end of 1932, the medical center was registered and put under the control of the Chinese government. Furthermore, it affiliated with Guangzhou Hospital and Lingnan University to form the Sun Yat-Sen Medical College in 1936.[20][21]

Lingnan University was incorporated into Chung Shan University (now Sun Yat-sen University) in 1953. Members of the university moved to Hong Kong and founded the Lingnan School in Wan Chai in 1967, which was relocated to Tuen Mun in the mid-1990s and renamed Lingnan University in 1999. In 1988, Lingnan College was reestablished within Sun Yat-sen University and is now one of the top schools of economics and management in China.


The university is ranked as one of the top universities in China by all the most influential and widely observed international university rankings, for example, #7 nationwide in Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2015,[22] #6 nationwide in the Academic Ranking of World Universities 2015,[23] and #8 nationwide in U.S. News Global University Ranking 2015.[24]

Alumni and Sponsors

Sir Run Run Shaw, GBM, CBE (c. November 1907 – 7 January 2014), also known as Shao Yifu and Siu Yat-fu, was a Hong Kong entertainment mogul and philanthropist. He was one of the most influential figures in the Asian entertainment industry.[4] He founded the Shaw Brothers Studio, one of the largest film production companies in Hong Kong, and TVB, the dominant television company in Hong Kong.

A well-known philanthropist, Shaw donated billions of Hong Kong dollars to educational institutions in Hong Kong and mainland China. More than 5,000 buildings on Chinese college campuses bear his name,[5] as does Shaw College of the Chinese University of Hong Kong. He also established the Shaw Prize, often referred to as the Nobel Prize of Asia.

Xu is currently considered to be one of the world's best players in xiangqi, or Chinese chess.

Xu was born in Huilai, Guangdong Province, China, in August 1975.[1] He is one of a handful of grandmasters from Guangdong Province, which is notable for being the home of many famed grandmasters of xiangqi, including Yang Guanli, Cai Furu and Lu Qin.

Tianya Club (mandarin: Tianya 天涯 "End of the World" Club) is one of the most popular Internet forums in China.[1] As of 2015, it is ranked by Alexa as the 11th most visited site in the People's Republic of China and 60th overall.[2] It was founded on 14 February 1999.

It provides BBS, blog, microblog and photo album services.

Politicians have used Tianya Club to campaign, answer questions from constituents, and gather grassroots support


Statistics (2013)[3]

Total Full-time Faculty 3456
Professors 745
Associate Professors 820
Full-time Students 50039
Undergraduate Students 32563
Graduate Students for master's degree 12349
Doctoral Students 5127
Undergraduate Majors 121
Doctorate Programs 42
Master's degree Programs 52
Professional Degree Programs 27
Post-doctoral Research Stations 39

Schools and departments

The university's Schools & Departments are as follows:[25][26]

The university also consists of various other international institutes such as:

Business Education

Sun Yat-sen Business School (SYSBS)

Sun Yat-sen Business School (SYSBS) is one of the only 3 business schools in mainland China and one of 58 business schools in the world being triple accredited by EQUIS, AACSB and AMBA.

The school has established collaborative academic exchanges and programs with over 80 international institutions, such as University of California, Los Angeles, University of Oxford, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Queen's University, IE Business School, City University of Hong Kong and so on. It has also built strategic partnerships with leading multinational companies, such as IBM, DHL, Coca-Cola, Allianz Group and so on, and with a myriad of local partners such as ICBC, Bank of China.

Lingnan (University) College

Lingnan (University) College
Wing Kwong Hall

Since 2015, Lingnan (University) college is also triple-accredited by AACSB,[39]EQUIS[40] and AMBA.[41] The college is originated from Lingnan University (Chinese: 岭南大学), a renowned private university established by a group of American missionaries in 1888.

Its programs include Lingnan-MIT International MBA program with MIT Sloan School of Management, the China Executive MBA program with Carlson School of Management of the University of Minnesota, the China-France MBA program with Jean Moulin University Lyon 3 and EMLYON Business School, and the International DBA program with EMLYON Business School.

Lingnan-MIT IMBA

The Lingnan IMBA is the first English-taught MBA program in China, which is in cooperation with the Sloan School of Management at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). The IMBA program adopts MIT Sloan’s MBA curricula, textbooks, cases, and other teaching materials. During the first semester, Lingnan students have the opportunity to apply to MIT Sloan’s MSMS program. Through this two-year, dual-degree program, students can earn an international MBA from Lingnan and a master's degree in management studies from MIT Sloan.[42]

Dual Degrees

Lingnan University's MBA Students have also have double degree options with ESCP Europe, Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University.

Affiliated hospitals

The university has the largest affiliated hospital system in China,[7] including Sun Yat-sen University First Hospital, Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital(or Sun Yat-sen University Second Hospital), Sun Yat-sen University Third Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University Fourth Hospital (has merged into the First Hospital), Sun Yat-sen University Fifth Hospital (or Zhuhai Hospital), Sun Yat-sen University Sixth Hospital (or Sun Yat-sen University Gastrointestinal & Anal Hospital), Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, Sun Yat-sen University Stomatologic Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University Ophthalmologic Center.

The First Affiliated Hospital, SYSU

The First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University was established in 1910, initially called the Affiliated Hospital of Guangdong Public Institution of Medicine. As a 3A hospital (the top level in China), the Hospital is the largest and the most comprehensive one among all affiliated hospitals of SYSU, as well as one of the largest hospitals in the country.[43]

Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital, SYSU

Founded as Ophthalmic Hospital in Canton by American Peter Parker in 1835. It originally dealt with diseases of the eye, but later treated other ailments. It later became the Canton Hospital.

Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center

Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center is a level III (highest rank in China) and class A hospital. It was awarded as “key subject of China” in 2001. In 1980, SYSUCC was designated as World Health Organization (WHO) Collaborating Center for research on cancer. Since 2003, SYSUCC became a sister institution of the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. In 2004, SYSUCC has set up a joint laboratory with Karolinska Institutet of Sweden for research in immunotherapy, molecular virology and oncological epidemiology.[45]

Sun Yat-sen University Ophthalmologic Center

Sun Yat-sen University Ophthalmologic Center is the first and leading advanced ophthalmic center and the last resort for advanced eye care in China, integrating eye care, teaching, eye research and blindness prevention. It is also one of the 20 largest general ophthalmic centers in the world. In 2006, Sun Yat-sen University Ophthalmic Center was approved to be the State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, the only one of its kind in China.[47]

Sun Yat-sen University Libraries

The university's system of libraries is one of the largest in China. By December 2012, it held more than 6 million paper volumes, including periodicals.[49]

The Hilles Collection

In June 2005, Harvard College Library of Harvard University donated 158,000 volumes in Hilles Library to Sun Yat-sen University. Developed over a century, the collection is composed of titles in the humanities and social sciences, primarily in English, but also in Western foreign languages.[50][51]

Confucius Institutes

Sun Yat-sen University has established five Confucius Institutes since 2006:


Martin Hall

Essential Science Indicators (ESI)

According to statistics of the Essential Science Indicators (ESI) database from January 2003 to February 2013, the total number of citations of papers in 15 disciplines of Sun Yat-sen University entered global top 1%. Following Peking University, Sun Yat-sen University ranked 2nd in universities in China, tied with Fudan University, Shanghai Jiao Tong University and Zhejiang University. The 15 disciplines include Chemistry, Clinical Medicine, Physics, Biology and Biochemistry, Materials Science, Molecular Biology & Genetics, Engineering, Plant and Animal Science, Environment/Ecology, Pharmacology & Toxicology, Neuroscience & Behavior, Mathematics, Microbiology, Agricultural Sciences, and Social Sciences, General.[52]

Nature Publishing Index (NPI)

Nature Publishing Index shows both Research Articles (Articles, Letters & Brief Communications) and Reviews, published in Nature and/or Nature research journals. The rankings are based on the number of papers that were published during the last 12 months. In time range of 01.07.2013-06.30.2014, Sun Yat-sen University is ranked #5 among Chinese Universities.[53]

Postdoctoral Research Stations

Sun Yat-sen University has 39 postdoctoral research stations.


Sun Yat-sen University publishes altogether 25 scholarly journals, including


North Campus(Sun Yat-sen College of Medical Science)
Zhuhai Campus
East Campus

At present, the university covers a total area of 6.17 square kilometers and has 4 campuses: Guangzhou South Campus, Guangzhou North Campus, Guangzhou East Campus, and Zhuhai Campus.

South Campus

The south campus of Sun Yat-sen universities is one of the most 10 beautiful campuses in China. It is located in Haizhu District, Guangzhou, and covers a total area of 1.17 square kilometers. It mainly hosts disciplines in sciences and humanities.

Add: No. 135, Xingang Road West, Guangzhou 510275, P. R. China

North Campus

The North Campus is located in Yuexiu District, Guangzhou, and covers an area of 0.39 square kilometers. It is a campus mainly for disciplines in medical sciences.

Add: No. 74, Zhongshan 2nd Road, Guangzhou 510085, P. R. China

East Campus

The East Campus is located at the north end of the Guangzhou Higher Education Mega Center in Xiaoguwei, Panyu, and covers an area of 1.13 square kilometers. The Guangzhou University City is a major development made by the People’s Government of Guangdong Province in an effort to implement the strategy of building Guangdong through science and education. The first batch of students started school there in September 2004.

Add: Xiaoguwei Island, Panyu District, Guangzhou 510006, P. R. China

Zhuhai Campus

The Zhuhai Campus is located at Tang Jia Wan, Zhuhai City, and covers an area of 3.48 square kilometers. Freshmen and sophomores of some disciplines in liberal arts, natural sciences, and medical sciences are currently living and studying on campus with students from the School of Network Education and Continuing Education.

Add: Tang Jia Wan, Zhuhai 519082, P. R. China

See also


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