Town and Local Government Area
Town of Sumaila
Nickname(s): "Ta Sama'ila",
"Masaukin Jobe"
Motto: (A' Sumaila)

Location in Nigeria

Coordinates: 11°32′N 8°58′E / 11.533°N 8.967°E / 11.533; 8.967Coordinates: 11°32′N 8°58′E / 11.533°N 8.967°E / 11.533; 8.967
State Kano State
Founded 1750
Settlement Status 1750
Fulani Military Stockade, Sultanate of Kano
Town and District Status 1923
Government of Northern Region, Nigeria
Local Government Area Status 1982
Government of State of Kano
Named for Magajin Jobe - Sama'ila
  Type Local Government Council
  Chairperson Local Council Abdullhamid Idris Rimi
  Speaker, Local Assembly (interregnum)
  Town and Local Government Area 1,250 km2 (480 sq mi)
  Water 18 km2 (6.9 sq mi)  3.0%
  Urban 500 km2 (200 sq mi)
Population (2006 Census)
  Town and Local Government Area 253,661
  Density 200/km2 (530/sq mi)
  Metro 220,000
Demonym(s) Sumailan
Time zone WAT (UTC+1)
3-digit postal code prefix 712
ISO 3166 code NG.KN.SU

Sumaila is a historic town and headquarters of a Local Government Area in Kano State, Northern Nigeria.


Sumaila was established as a Jobe- Fulani 'Sansani' or Settlement in the 1740s.[1] located within the fertile plains of south eastern Kano, it provided the clan an easy migratory pathway to the grazing grounds of the savannah of eastern Hausa land. Originally called 'Garun- Sam'ila' after one of its first settlers, it attracted little attention during the time of the Sultanate,

The sharp Rise of Jobe influence in eastern Kano in the late 18th century saw the construction of a stockade and a partial fort around the town in the 1750s.[2]

Sumaila rose to prominence in the time of the Caliphate when it became the site of an epic battle that halted the advance of the (Bornoan) cavalry when El-Kanemi encroached into the Sokoto Caliphate.

When during the Reign of Emir Abdullahi Maje-Karofi, the Ningi rebellion broke out, a Ribat was constructed around the town and a permanent fulani force was stationed there to protect the southern borders of the Emirate. During the Kano civil war or Basasa, Sumaila was a major hub for pan-Yusuf forces because of its close proximity to Takai; the capital of the Yusufawa.

Colonial period

Serving as a frontier fortress, the British pacification campaigns greatly affected Sumaila. In 1903, the entire Fulani military contingent of the fort under Dan-Sumaila Garba- Maje Gabas was lost in the Kano- Sokoto expedition.[1] The Last Caliph of Sokoto, Sultan Attahiru passed through the outskirts of the town attracting there from a large followership in his pilgrimage to Burmi after the fall of the Caliphate.

The fall of the Emirate witnessed a sharp decline in commerce in eastern Kano and in the 1910s, a provincial reorganization removed administration of the District's affairs to Wudil.[1] and Sumaila was relegated to sub-borough status.

In 1923 the discovery of gold reserves by a British mining expedition led to another provincial reorganization that restored District Status, political crisis however within the provinces administration and fears of the pre-federal Nigerian government then being administered from Lagos and managed by non-Northerners scuttled the mining efforts.

Post-colonial period

In 1967, the collapse of the Government of Northern Nigeria again ended the administrative independence of Sumaila, this was not to be restored until the Second Nigerian Republic when a Sumailan, Abubakar Rimi was elected Governor of Kano under the People's Redemption Party. In 1983, the collapse of the PRP government saw another momentary transference of administration to Wudil.

Prominent Sumailans


  1. 1 2 3 Sumaila, Aminu A. Jobe: A Clan Compendium.
  2. Light, Ivan H. Ethnic Enterprise in America: Business and Welfare Among Chinese, Japanese and Blacks. ISBN 978-0520017382.
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