For the former island and ancient place called Stura, see Torre Astura.
This article is about the department. For other uses, see Stura (disambiguation).
Département de la Stura
Department of the First French Republic and of the First French Empire



Administrative map of the Italian portion of the French Empire.
Capital Cuneo
44°23′N 7°32′E / 44.383°N 7.533°E / 44.383; 7.533Coordinates: 44°23′N 7°32′E / 44.383°N 7.533°E / 44.383; 7.533
  Decree of 24 Fructidor, year X[1] 11 September 1802
  Treaty of Fontainebleau 11 April 1814
  1812[2] 8,572.16 km2 (3,310 sq mi)
  1812[2] 431,438 
Density 50.3 /km2  (130.4 /sq mi)
Political subdivisions 5 Arrondissements[2]

Stura was a department of the French Consulate and of the First French Empire in present-day Italy. It was named after the river Stura. It was formed in 1802, when the Subalpine Republic (formerly the mainland portion of the Kingdom of Sardinia) was annexed to France. Its capital was Cuneo.

The department was disbanded after the defeat of Napoleon in 1814. At the Congress of Vienna, the Savoyard King of Sardinia was restored in all its previous realms and domains, including Piedmont. Its territory corresponded more or less with that of the present-day Italian province of Cuneo.


The department was subdivided into the following arrondissements and cantons (situation in 1812):[2]

Its population in 1812 was 431,438, and its area was approximately 857,216 hectares.[2]

The Geographical Dictionary portable 1809 summarized the Department of Stura:

"Climate rough, hilly ground, stony, produces abundant fruit, nuts, mulberry, chestnut woods, pastures, some cattle, many horses, mules excellent, mines gold and silver, marble quarries, gold flakes in the rivers, mineral waters. Its inhabitants are simple, aggressive, small, agile, excellent foot: soft and laboring women. Great trade for Lyon silk, fruit, truffles, fodder, livestock, dairy, marble, limestone, few factories and mills."

List of prefects


  1. "Décret du 24 Fructidor". Retrieved 28 September 2010.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 Almanach Impérial an bissextil MDCCCXII, p. 471-472, accessed in Gallica 31 July 2013 (French)

See also

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 8/6/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.