State of Malta
|State of Malta|
|Stat ta’ Malta|
"Virtute et Constantia"
"[By] virtue and constancy"
The Maltese Hymn
God Save the Queen
State of Malta in Dark Green.
|•||1964–1971||Maurice Henry Dorman|
|•||1971–1974||Anthony Joseph Mamo|
|•||1964–1971||George Borg Olivier|
|Historical era||Cold War|
|•||Independence||21 September 1964|
|•||Republic||13 December 1974|
|•||1967||316 km² (122 sq mi)|
|Density||994.4 /km² (2,575.4 /sq mi)|
|Currency|| Pound Sterling (1964–1972)|
Maltese Lira (1972–1974)
The Malta Independence Act 1964 passed by the British Parliament transformed the Crown Colony of Malta into an independent Commonwealth realm with fully responsible government. Under the new Constitution of Malta, approved in a referendum held May of that year, Queen Elizabeth II became Queen of Malta (Maltese: Reġina ta' Malta). The monarch's constitutional roles were delegated to the Governor-General of Malta. As Queen of Malta, Elizabeth II visited Malta once in November 1967.
The following Governors-General held office in Malta between 1964 and 1974:
- Sir Maurice Henry Dorman (21 September 1964 – 4 July 1971)
- Sir Anthony Mamo (4 July 1971 – 13 December 1974)
- George Borg Olivier (September 21, 1964 – 21 June 1971)
- Dom Mintoff (21 June 1971 – 13 December 1974)
Transition to republic
On 13 December 1974, following amendments to the Constitution by the Labour government of Dom Mintoff, the monarchy was abolished and Malta became a republic within the Commonwealth with the function of head of state vested in a president appointed by Parliament. The last Governor-General, Sir Anthony Mamo, was appointed the first President of Malta.