State of Grão-Pará and Maranhão

State of Grão-Pará and Maranhão
Estado do Grão-Pará e Maranhão
State of the Portuguese Empire
Flag Coat of arms
Flag Coat of arms
Capital Santa Maria de Belém
Languages Portuguese
Religion Roman Catholicism
Government Monarchy
   1751 - 1772 John V
Joseph I
Governor General
  1751 - 1759 Francisco Xavier de Mendonça Furtado
  1763 - 1772 Fernando da Costa de Ataíde Teive
   Established 1751
   Disestablished 1772
Currency Portuguese Real
Preceded by
Succeeded by
State of Maranhão (colonial)
State of Grão-Pará and Rio Negro
State of Maranhão and Piauí

The State of Grão-Pará and Maranhão (Portuguese: Estado do Grão-Pará e Maranhão) was one of the states of the Portuguese Empire.


The state was created on 31 July 1751 by order of Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, 1st Marquis of Pombal, the Secretary of the State for Joseph I of Portugal.[1]

The state was the successor to the State of Maranhão. While there were limited territorial changes, Maranhão was politically and economically restructured and its capital was moved from São Luís, in the Captaincy of Maranhão, to Santa Maria de Belém, in the Captaincy of Pará, which was raised to a unified state with Maranhão and had its name changed to Grão-Pará (English: Great wide river).

The purpose of creating this state was to stimulate economic activities.[2]

In 1772, the state was split into two different states, the State of Grão-Pará and Rio Negro and the State of Maranhão and Piauí.


The State of Grão-Pará and Maranhão, for the most part, retained all the same captaincies from the State of Maranhão:


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