St Edward King and Martyr, Cambridge
St Edward King and Martyr is a church located on Peas Hill in central Cambridge, England. It is dedicated to Edward the Martyr, who was King of England from 975 until his murder in 978. It was at St Edward's in 1525 that what is said to have been the first sermon of the English Reformation took place, and the church is sometimes labelled the "Cradle of the Reformation".
The present church was founded in the 13th century on what is believed to be the site of an earlier Anglo-Saxon church. In around 1400 the church was rebuilt, creating the present chancel and arches of the nave, though the arch at the base of the tower dates from the original building. There are some pictures and a description at the Cambridgeshire Churches website.
When Henry VI ordered the clearing of land in order to create King's College, the church of St John Zachary that was used by both Trinity Hall and Clare was demolished. In 1445, by way of recompense, the living of St Edward's church was granted to Trinity Hall, and the chaplain is still appointed by the college. Two 15th-century side-chapels were built in St Edward's, the north chapel used by Trinity Hall, and the south by Clare.
St Edward's played a pivotal role in the English Reformation. During the 1520s a group of evangelicals led by Thomas Bilney had been meeting to discuss the preachings of Martin Luther and Erasmus's translation of the New Testament.
At the Midnight Mass on Christmas Eve 1525, one of the group, Robert Barnes, gave what is believed to be the first openly evangelical sermon in any English church, and accused the Catholic Church of heresy. Over the next decade many of the great reformers preached at St Edward's, including Hugh Latimer, who was a regular preacher until he left Cambridge in 1531. These events have led to St Edward's being referred to as the "Cradle of the Reformation".
It is a royal peculiar not belonging to a diocese.
The buildings of central Cambridge have led to St Edward's becoming somewhat hidden away from view in its location on the west side of the Guildhall. It is surrounded on three sides by its namesake pedestrian alleyway, St Edward's Passage, whose 'Y-shaped' form has remained unchanged since at least the 16th century, and only possesses a tiny churchyard. It holds Grade II* listed status.
During the 1930s, St Edward's served as the Toc H church for the east of England, and became popular with students, who referred to it as "Teddy's".
The acting vicar-chaplain is Reverend Dr Mark Scarlata who is also Old Testament lecturer and tutor at St Mellitus College, London.
- "About St Edward's". St-edwards-cam=org.uk. Retrieved 2015-03-03.
- "Cambridgeshire Churches". Druidic.org. Retrieved 2015-03-03.
- "Church of England | Dioceses". Anglicans Online. Retrieved 2015-03-03.
- "St Edward's Passage" (PDF). Cambridge City Council. Retrieved 2015-03-03.
- Historic England. "Church of St Edward, King and Martyr (Grade II*) (1126076)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
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