Raúl Alfonsín began his presidency with a big economic crisis and high inflation. The Austral plan tried to fix it, by placing limits on wages and prices, and limiting money printing. The plan eventually failed, as both unions pressured for higher wages, and businesspeople pressured for higher prices. The spring plan had similar goals, and sought to keep the economy stable until the 1989 presidential elections. The new plan failed as well, causing an hyperinflation near the end of Alfonsín's presidency.
- Romero, Luis Alberto (2013) . A History of Argentina in the Twentieth Century. United States: The Pennsylvania University Press. ISBN 978-0-271-06228-0.