Southern Qi

Asia in 500 AD, showing the Southern Qi Dynasty and its neighbors
Capital Jiankang
Government Monarchy
   479–482 Emperor Gao of Southern Qi
  482–493 Emperor Wu of Southern Qi
  493–494 Xiao Zhaoye
  494–498 Emperor Ming of Southern Qi
  499–501 Xiao Baojuan
  501–502 Emperor He of Southern Qi
   Established 3 June[1] 479
   Disestablished 24 April[2] 502
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Liu Song
Liang Dynasty
Today part of

The Southern Qi (simplified Chinese: 南齐; traditional Chinese: 南齊; pinyin: Nán Qí) (479-502) was the second of the Southern dynasties in China, followed by the Liang Dynasty. During its 23-year history, the dynasty was largely filled with instability, as after the death of the capable Emperor Gao and Emperor Wu, Emperor Wu's grandson Xiao Zhaoye was assassinated by Emperor Wu's intelligent but cruel and suspicious cousin Xiao Luan, who took over as Emperor Ming, and proceeded to carry out massive executions of Emperor Gao's and Emperor Wu's sons and grandsons, as well as officials that he suspected of plotting against him. The arbitrariness of these executions was exacerbated after Emperor Ming was succeeded by his son Xiao Baojuan, whose actions drew multiple rebellions, the last of which, by the general Xiao Yan led to Southern Qi's fall and succession by Xiao Yan's Liang Dynasty.

Sovereigns of Southern Qi Dynasty (479-502)

Posthumous Name Family name and given names Period of Reigns Era names and their according range of years
Convention: Qi + posthumous name
Emperor Gao of Southern Qi
(Gao Di 高帝 gāo dì)
Xiao Daocheng (蕭道成 xiāo dào chēng 479-482 Jianyuan (建元 jiàn yuán) 479-482
Emperor Wu of Southern Qi
(Wu Di 武帝 wǔ dì)
Xiao Ze (蕭賾 xiāo zé) 482-493 Yongming (永明 yǒng míng) 483-493
Prince of Yulin
(Yu Lin Wang 鬱林王 yù lín wáng)
Xiao Zhaoye (蕭昭業 xiāo zhāo yè) 493-494 Longchang (隆昌 lóng chāng) 494
Prince of Hailing
(Hai Ling Wang (海陵王 hài líng wáng)
Xiao Zhaowen (蕭昭文 xiāo zhāo wén) 494 Yanxing (延興 yán xīng) 494
Emperor Ming of Southern Qi - Ming Di
(明帝 míng dì)
Xiao Luan (蕭鸞 xiāo luán) 494-498 Jianwu (建武 jiàn wǔ) 494-498
Yongtai (永泰 yǒng tài) 498
Marquess of Donghun - Dong Hun Hou
(東昏侯 dōng hūn hóu)
Xiao Baojuan (蕭寶卷 xiāo bǎo juǎn) 499-501 Yongyuan (永元 yǒng yuán) 499-501
Emperor He of Southern Qi - He Di
(和帝 hé dì)
Xiao Baorong (蕭寶融 xiāo bào róng) 501-502[Note 1] Zhongxing (中興 zhōng xīng) 501-502

Sovereigns family tree


  1. Emperor Ming's son Xiao Baoyin, who was then a Northern Wei general, rebelled against Northern Wei and claimed imperial title in 527-528, but is not listed because his claim of imperial title was temporary, long after Emperor He's reign, and also did not include any territory that was previously Southern Qi territory.




See also

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