Southern Federal District

This article is about political group of regions by a Presidential Decree. For geographical region, see Southern Russia.
This article is about North Caucasian Federal District created in 2000 and renamed. For district created in 2010, see North Caucasian Federal District.

Coordinates: 47°14′N 39°43′E / 47.233°N 39.717°E / 47.233; 39.717

Southern Federal District
Южный федеральный округ
Federal district of Russia

Location of the Southern Federal District
Country  Russia
Established May 18, 2000
Administrative center Rostov-on-Don
  Presidential Envoy Vladimir Ustinov
  Total 447,900 km2 (172,900 sq mi)
Area rank 7th
Population (2010 Census)
  Total 16,319,253[2]
  Rank 4th
  Density 33.1/km2 (86/sq mi)
  Urban 62.4%[2]
  Rural 37.6%[2]
Federal subjects 8 contained
Economic regions 1 contained

The Southern Federal District (Russian: Ю́жный федера́льный о́круг, tr. Yuzhny federalny okrug; IPA: [ˈjuʐnɨj fʲɪdʲɪˈralʲnɨj ˈokrʊk]) is one of the eight federal districts of Russia. Its territory lies mostly on the Pontic-Caspian steppe. The Southern Federal District was originally called the North Caucasian Federal District when it was founded in May 2000, but was renamed soon after for political reasons. On January 19, 2010, the Southern Federal District was split in two, with its former southern territories forming a new North Caucasian Federal District.[3]

On July 28, 2016 Crimean Federal District (which contains the Republic of Crimea and the Federal city of Sevastopol) was abolished and merged into Southern Federal District in order to "improve the governance".[4] Crimean Federal District was established on March 21, 2014 after the annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation.[5] The federal district includes both the Republic of Crimea and the federal city of Sevastopol, both recognized as part of Ukraine by most of the international community. Ukraine considers the area, along with the areas of Luhansk People's Republic and Donetsk People's Republic, as temporarily occupied territories.[6][7]

Its population was 13,854,334 (62.4% urban) according to the 2010 Census,[2] living in an area of 420,900 square kilometers (162,500 sq mi).[1]


Federal subjects

# Flag Federal subject Area in km2[1] Population Capital/administrative center
1 Republic of Adygea 7,800 447,109 Maykop
2 Astrakhan Oblast 49,000 1,005,276 Astrakhan
3 Volgograd Oblast 112,900 2,699,223 Volgograd
4 Republic of Kalmykia 74,700 292,410 Elista
5 Krasnodar Krai 75,500 5,125,221 Krasnodar
6 Republic of Crimea[lower-alpha 1] 26,100 1,966,801 Simferopol
7 Rostov Oblast 101,000 4,404,013 Rostov-on-Don
8 Sevastopol[lower-alpha 2] 900 379,200 Sevastopol
  1. Annexed by Russia in 2014 Voted to join Russian Federation in 2014; recognized as a part of Ukraine by most of the international community.
  2. Annexed by Russia in 2014 Voted to join Russian Federation in 2014; recognized as a part of Ukraine by most of the international community.


  1. 1 2 3 "1.1. ОСНОВНЫЕ СОЦИАЛЬНО-ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКИЕ ПОКАЗАТЕЛИ в 2014 г." [MAIN SOCIOECONOMIC INDICATORS 2014]. Regions of Russia. Socioeconomic indicators - 2015 (in Russian). Russian Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 26 July 2016.
  2. 1 2 3 4 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
  3. Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  4. "Крымский федеральный округ включен в состав Южного федерального округа" (in Russian). Interfax. 28 July 2016. Retrieved 28 July 2016.
  5. "В России создан Крымский федеральный округ". RBC. March 21, 2014.
  6. Law about occupied territories of Ukraine. Mirror Weekly. 15 May 2014
  7. Higher educational institutions at the temporarily occupied territories of Ukraine will not work - the minister of education. Newsru. 1 October 2014
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