Sophia Báthory

Picture of Sophia Báthory
Picture of Sophia Báthory

Sophia Báthory (died 1680) was a niece of Gabriel Báthory.[1][2] She married Prince of Transylvania George II Rákóczi on February 3, 1643.[3][4] Prior to the marriage she was required by his mother to renounce Roman Catholicism in favor of Calvinism.[4] This marriage united the families of the Báthory and the Rákóczi.[3] Francis I Rákóczi was Sophia and George's son.[1][5] He was the only leading conspirator of the Wesselényi conspiracy whose life was spared, due to Sophia's intervention and a ransom payment.[6][7]:108– She also converted him to Catholicism.[4][7]:106– Sophia returned to Catholicism after her husband's death, and supported the Counter-Reformation.[8]


  1. 1 2 "JOHN HUNYADI: Hungary in American History Textbooks". Retrieved 2016-07-01.
  2. Julia Eörsi (1929). Hungarian Heroes of Liberty. Pester Lloyd. p. 29.
  3. 1 2 David Livingstone (16 June 2013). Black Terror White Soldiers: Islam, Fascism & the New Age. David Livingstone. pp. 109–. ISBN 978-1-4812-2650-9.
  4. 1 2 3 Hugh Chisholm (1911). Encyclopedia Britannica: A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature and General Information. University Press. pp. 868–.
  5. Adolphus William Ward, Baron John Emerich Edward Dalberg Acton Acton, Stanley Leathes; Sir Adolphus William Ward. The Cambridge Modern History. CUP Archive. pp. 352–. GGKEY:4G4XE5DASWR.
  6. Kenneth Meyer Setton (1991). Venice, Austria, and the Turks in the Seventeenth Century. American Philosophical Society. pp. 248–. ISBN 978-0-87169-192-7.
  7. 1 2 Istvan Lazar; Andrew L. Simon (30 May 2001). Transylvania: A Short History. Simon Publications LLC. ISBN 978-1-931313-21-6.
  8. "Full text of "Hungary's fight for national existence, or, The history of the great uprising led by Francis Rakoczi II, 1703-1711"". Retrieved 2016-07-01.
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