Solikamsk (English)
Соликамск (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -

A salt dump in Solikamsk

Location of Perm Krai in Russia
Location of Solikamsk in Perm Krai
Coordinates: 59°38′36″N 56°45′00″E / 59.64333°N 56.75000°E / 59.64333; 56.75000Coordinates: 59°38′36″N 56°45′00″E / 59.64333°N 56.75000°E / 59.64333; 56.75000
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of December 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Perm Krai[1]
Administratively subordinated to town of krai significance of Solikamsk[1]
Administrative center of Solikamsky District,[1] town of krai significance of Solikamsk[1]
Municipal status (as of October 2009)
Urban okrug Solikamsk Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Solikamsk Urban Okrug,[2] Solikamsky Municipal District[3]
Population (2010 Census) 97,384 inhabitants[4]
- Rank in 2010 174th
Time zone YEKT (UTC+05:00)[5]
Founded 1430
Solikamsk on Wikimedia Commons

Solikamsk (Russian: Солика́мск) is a town in Perm Krai, Russia. Before Peter the Great's reign, it was the largest industrial centre of the Tsardom of Russia and contains a fine collection of churches from that period. Modern Solikamsk is the third-largest town in the krai, with a population of 97,384(2010 Census);[4] 102,531(2002 Census);[6] 110,098(1989 Census).[7]


The earliest surviving recorded mention of Solikamsk, initially as "Usolye-na-Kamskom" (Усолье на Камском) dates from 1430, in connection with the discovery and exploitation by miners and merchants, probably from Vologda, of massive salt deposits on the banks of the Usolka River.[8] The name of the town is derived from the Russian words "соль" (sol, meaning "salt") and "Кама" (Kama River, flowing through the town).

The rapid growth of Solikamsk in the 17th century was predicated on the establishment of the Babinov Road, which was the only overland route leading from European Russia to Siberia. This road started in Solikamsk. The Stroganov family operated the country's largest salt-mining facilities in Solikamsk and the surrounding area. The local saltworks were described in detail by Johann Georg Gmelin. In the mid-17th century Solikamsk also became the first centre of copper casting in Russia.

After the establishment of iron works in Yekaterinburg and Perm and the construction of a southern highway to Siberia the importance and prosperity of Solikamsk gradually declined. Until 1923, the town was the administrative center of Solikamsky Uyezd in Perm Governorate. In November 2014 a sinkhole opened near Solikamsk because of a mining problem.

Coat of arms

Coat of arms was granted to Solikamsk on July 17, 1783. The arms show in the upper half the arms of Perm Governorate. The lower half shows a salt well, due to Solikamsk being the largest producer of salt and magnesium in Russia at the time.

Cultural heritage

Cultural heritage monuments in Solikamsk include a slew of old churches and several civic buildings of importance, including:

The most important religious buildings are the following:[9]

Other local sights include an old salt pit (in use since 1906) and the Salt Museum which occupies the buildings of the Ust-Borovaya Saltworks established in 1878.

The oldest brick building in the Urals, the Church of the Cross's Exultation (1678), is located in the former village of Verkh-Borovaya, 20 kilometers (12 mi) north of Solikamsk.


Solikamsk is a home Solikamsky State Teachers' Training Institute (branch of Perm State University).

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Solikamsk serves as the administrative center of Solikamsky District, even though it is not a part of it.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as the town of krai significance of Solikamsk—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the town of krai significance of Solikamsk is incorporated as Solikamsk Urban Okrug.[2]

Salt production

The town is famous for its production of salt; in particular, potassium chloride, which is used as a fertilizer. More than 11,000 people work in salt mining, 3,000 underground, and 7,000 above ground. It is also close to a labor camp during the Soviet times, which is now used as a museum. There is also a museum dedicated to explaining all stages of salt mining and refining.



  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Law #416-67
  2. 1 2 3 Law #1772-368
  3. Law #1884-410
  4. 1 2 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
  5. Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  6. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014.
  7. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014.
  8. Богуславский, В.В.; Куксина, Е.И. (2001). Славянская энциклопедия. Киевская Русь – Московия: в 2 т. Т.2 Н-Я. ОЛМА-Пресс. p. 403. ISBN 9785224022519. Retrieved 2014-12-11.
  9. Brumfield, William. Solikamsk: Architectural Heritage in Photographs (Moscow: Tri Kvadrata, 2007) ISBN 978-5-94607-069-0 (in English and in Russian)


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