Social Democratic Party of Montenegro

Social Democratic Party of Montenegro
Socijaldemokratska partija Crne Gore
Социјалдемократска партија Црне Горе
Leader Ranko Krivokapić
Founded 1993
Headquarters Jovana Tomaševića bb, Podgorica
Ideology Social democracy
Political position Centre-left
European affiliation Party of European Socialists
International affiliation Progressive Alliance
Socialist International
Colours Red, Yellow
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The Social Democratic Party of Montenegro (SDP) (Montenegrin: Социјалдемократска партија Црне Горе, Socijaldemokratska Partija Crne Gore) is a political party in Montenegro.

Although the SDP has the support of approximately 12% of the Montenegrin electorate,[1] it has nevertheless managed to play a more notable part in the republic's political scene during the last decade and a half. The party's prominence stems from its close relations with the most powerful party in Montenegro - the DPS and its leader Milo Đukanović. Allying itself with the DPS and Đukanović ahead of the 1998 parliamentary elections allowed the SDP to enter the parliament for the very first time in its history - something it had been unable to do by itself in three previous attempts. Since the 1998 election, the SDP has continued to be a part of every Đukanović-led pre-election coalition and as a result has also been a part of every Montenegrin government since 1998.

At the legislative elections in March 2009, the party emerged victorious as part of the DPS-SDP list that won 48 seats from a total of 81 in the Parliament. The SDP won 9 seats from the list.

At the last parliamentary elections on 14 October 2012, the SDP was again part of the Coalition for a European Montenegro led by Đukanović, which won 39 of the 81 seats. The SDP won 6 seats of the 39.

In autumn 2015 the pro-government faction of SDP formed a new party named Social Democrats of Montenegro (SD CG). On 22 January 2016 SDP officially left the ruling coalition with the DPS and announced its support for a vote of no confidence against the government of Milo Đukanović on 25 January.


On 14 July 1991 reformists from four coastal municipalities in the SR Montenegro, Herceg-Novi, Kotor, Tivat and Budva, who were subsequently joined by reformists from Cetinje, formed the first regional Montenegrin political party - the Alliance of Reformists of the Montenegrin Coastline with Miodrag Marović as President. On 7 July 1992 the League united with Žarko Rakčević's Party of Socialists desiring to create a major Montenegrin party, forming the Social Democratic Party of Reformists of Montenegro. Finally, on 12 June 1993 the Independent Organization of Communists of Bar, the Alliance of Reform forces of Yugoslavia for Montenegro and the Party of National Tolerance merged into it, forming the Social Democratic Party of Montenegro and uniting the forces that opposed the then regimes policies in the Yugoslav wars. Finally, over the years the Yugoslavian People's Party and the old Yugoslavian People's Party merged into the SDP.

Notable SDP founders were Žarko Rakčević, Ljubiša Stanković and Dušan Simonović. It is the only party in Montenegro to have full membership of the Socialist International.

When the policies of the Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro turned towards the goal of full independence for Montenegro the DPS and SDP started working closely together to achieve this goal. They eventually succeeded when the independence movement achieved victory in a referendum held on 21 May 2006. Current president of the SDP and Speaker of the Montenegrin Parliament, Ranko Krivokapić, officially proclaimed the independence of Montenegro on June 3, 2006.

Parliamentary elections

Parliament of Montenegro
Year Popular vote % of popular vote Overall seats won Seat change Coalition Government
1996 16,608 5.52%
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Steady extra-parliamentary
1998 170,080 48.87%
5 / 75
Increase 5 ECG government
2001 153,946 42.04%
6 / 75
Increase 1 ECG government
2002 167,166 48.0%
7 / 75
Increase 1 ECG government
2006 164,737 48.62%
7 / 81
Steady ECG government
2009 168,290 51.9%
9 / 81
Increase 2 ECG government
2012 165,380 45.60%
6 / 81
Decrease 3 ECG Provisional Gov.*
2016 20,011 5.23%
4 / 81
Decrease 2 opposition


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