Snow White (2001 film)
|Snow White: The Fairest of Them All|
Snow White by the Brothers Grimm|
The Snow Queen by Hans Christian Andersen
|Directed by||Caroline Thompson|
|Theme music composer||
|Country of origin||
|Running time||93 minutes|
|Production company(s)||Hallmark Entertainment|
|Original release||October 28, 2001|
Snow White: The Fairest of Them All, is a 2001 American-Canadian-German fantasy adventure television film co-written and directed by Caroline Thompson and produced by Hallmark Entertainment. The film was first released theatrically in Europe, and subsequently aired in the United States on ABC as part of their series on The Wonderful World of Disney on March 17, 2002.
Based upon the traditional Snow White folktale first recorded in 1812 by German folklorists, the Brothers Grimm, the film deviates from earlier interpretations of the story in several respects. Set in a fantasy kingdom, it tells the story of Princess Snow White (Kristin Kreuk), and the attempts of the Evil Queen Elspeth, Snow White's evil stepmother (Miranda Richardson), to eliminate her. Trying to escape the Queen Elspeth's machinations, Snow White flees to the forest, where she befriends Sunday (Michael J. Anderson), the leader of the seven dwarves, and together they plot the monarch's overthrow.
Reviews were mixed, with Miranda Richardson's performance coming in for particular praise, but Kristin Kreuk's coming under criticism for being too bland. The film would subsequently be released on DVD.
John and Josephine deeply wish to have a child and when she is born with skin as white as snow, lips as red as blood, and hair as black as ebony, they name her Snow White. However, Josephine, Snow White's mother, dies in childbirth, leaving John alone with their child. In the winter, John struggles to find food for his daughter, Snow White, when he sheds a tear over a frozen lake and frees a creature known as the Green-Eyed One. As thanks for freeing him, Green-Eyed One offers John three wishes. For John's wishes, he asks for nourishment for his daughter, a kingdom to raise his family, and a queen for a new wife, as the creature cannot raise the dead.
John's wishes come true, though he is unaware that the Green-Eyed One owes Elspeth, his hideous spellcasting sister, who is an old and ugly crone, a wish of her own. In order to fulfill her ambitions, the Green-Eyed One transforms Elspeth into a beautiful and young woman who will marry John and become his queen, second and new wife, and Snow White's stepmother. The creature also provides Elspeth with a magical mirror that allows her to see others unseen and to deceive John. As years pass, Elspeth forms a good relationship with her stepdaughter, Snow White, who becomes a beautiful princess 16 years later. However, Elspeth is vain and keeps a room full of magical mirrors which assure her each day that she is the fairest of them all whenever she asks.
When Prince Alfred arrives in the kingdom and falls in love with Snow White, Elspeth is furious to discover that images of Snow White are appearing in her mirrors, which means that her stepdaughter is the fairest of them all. Driven with jealousy, Elspeth orders Hector, a hunter, to take the Princess into the forest and kill her, and then return with Snow White's heart for her to consume. In the meantime, Elspeth transforms Alfred into a bear. Unable to kill Snow White, Hector presents Elspeth with the heart of a wild boar instead. When she learns the truth, Elspeth kills Hector, imprisons John in her mirrors, and stifles Snow White with an enchanted ribbon.
Snow White is saved by seven dwarfs, each named after the days of the week and possessing the power to transform into a rainbow to move from one place to another (but are only capable if all seven dwarfs are present). The eldest is Sunday, who is a victim of one of Elspeth's spells that has left half of him as a garden gnome. The dwarfs allow Snow White to care for their home, though the dwarf Wednesday is initially suspicious. When Elspeth learns that Snow White is still alive, she prepares a poisoned apple and transforms into Josephine, Snow White's deceased mother, with the magic mirror the Green-Eyed One gave her. Aided by Monday, who is turned into a garden gnome afterward, Elspeth, disguised as Josephine, finds her and convinces her to eat the enchanted and poisoned apple, which seemingly kills Snow White.
With her task finished, Elspeth tries to resume her beautiful guise with the mirror. But instead, the magic mirror returns her to her true form, even more loathsome than before, as punishment from The Green-Eyed One for killing her stepdaughter. Snow White, a sweet and innocent human being. The dwarfs, unable to save Snow White, place her in a coffin of ice and leave her near Monday's statue. When she receives a kiss of true love from Prince Alfred, in his bear form, she is revived. The spells on Alfred, Sunday, and Monday break, and Elspeth's mirrors shatter, freeing John. Elspeth gets tackled and killed by gnomes, who have been freed from their enchantments. Freed from Elspeth, the Green-Eyed One is able to go his way. Snow White and Alfred live happily ever after while the dwarfs decide to move on to find Sleeping Beauty.
- Miranda Richardson as The Evil Queen Elspeth, Snow White's evil stepmother
- Kristin Kreuk as Snow White
- Karin Konoval as Elspeth's Old Crone form
- Tom Irwin as King John, Snow White's father
- Vera Farmiga as Josephine, Snow White's mother
- Tyron Leitso as Prince Alfred
- Clancy Brown as the Green-Eyed One, the Granter of Wishes
- Michael Gilden as Monday, the red dwarf
- Mark J. Trombino as Tuesday, the orange dwarf
- Vincent Schiavelli as Wednesday, the yellow dwarf
- Penny Blake as Thursday, the green dwarf
- Martin Klebba as Friday, the blue dwarf
- Warwick Davis as Saturday, the indigo dwarf
- Michael J. Anderson as Sunday, the violet dwarf
- José Zúñiga as Hector, the Huntsman
In order to write the script, Caroline Thompson went back to the original written account of Snow White, published by the Brothers Grimm in 1812. She came to the decision that the folktale was about the "fear of change", as two women, Snow White and her stepmother, came to adjust with the changes that they were facing in life. Noting that the original 19th century folk tales were far "darker" in content than most 20th century adaptations, such as Walt Disney's Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937), she sought to utilise some of these dark elements in her adaptation. The idea for the Green-Eyed One was introduced by co-writer Julie Hickson; Thompson noted that he was a "genuinely moral being" who tried to help people, comparing him to the genius of the peace found in Late Medieval literature.
Upon reading the script, Kristin Kreuk noted that she had been "entranced", believing that the main message that audiences would take away from the film was that of not judging an individual's personality based upon their physical appearances. Richardson thought that Caroline Thompson's adaptation was "much more in keeping" with the ethos of the Grimm tale than subsequent adaptations due to its "darker" nature. Praising Miranda Richardson as being perfect for the role of the Evil Queen, Snow White's evil stepmother, named Queen Elspeth in this version, Caroline Thompson asserted that she had been "a blast to work with." Caroline Thompson noted that she cast the actors to play the dwarves according to their own individual personalities; she remarked that Warwick Davis was a "phenomenal actor" while Penny Blake was "so funny" and Michael J. Anderson was a "genius." Together, she thought that they brought an "array of talents" to the production. Michael J. Anderson himself claimed that he identified with his character, the "philosopher of the group", and really enjoyed playing the role. Commenting on his character of Wednesday, Vincent Schiavelli noted that he was miserable because "he really thinks that he's a dwarf" even though he isn't.
Caroline Thompson would also praise her "magnificent collaborators" in costume and set design. The set designer noted that they constructed a castle that they felt was best described as "Viking art nouveau."
The film was released theatrically in Europe and the Middle East in 2001, and debuted in the United States on March 17, 2002, when it was broadcast as part of ABC's The Wonderful World of Disney series. Both Region 1 and Region 2 DVDs of the film were released. Reviewing the Artisan DVD release for the Combustible Celluloid website, Jeffrey M. Anderson praised its "gorgeous full-screen transfer", featurette, and cast-and-crew biographies, but highlighted that it contained no director's commentary track.
Laura Fries reviewed the film for Variety, describing it as a "unique and lavish production that certainly warrants attention" but warning that it would be inappropriate for young children. Asserting that ABC had made a "big mistake" by airing it as a part of their Wonderful World of Disney series, she thought that it was "often nightmarish", harking back to the original Grimm version more than the better-known Disney adaptation; in particular, she singled out the "evil queen/witch" and "satanic messenger who grants wishes." However, she praised David Brisbin's set design, remarking that he had created a kingdom which was "equal parts gingerbread baroque and David Lynch" and that Caroline Thompson "clearly relishes" in this universe. Noting that the "magnificently villainous performance" from Miranda Richardson "virtually steals the show" from the "doe-eyed" Kristin Kreuk, she believes that the latter does "little to upgrade" the image of Snow White as the most victimized of fairytale characters.
Writing for The New York Times, Hal Erickson praised the film for mixing its "more frightening aspects" with "slapstick comedy and awesome special effects." Jeffrey M. Anderson reviewed Snow White for the Combustible Celluloid website, awarding it three stars out of four. Remarking that Thompson "completely eradicates" the Disney interpretation of the folktale, he praised her directorial debut, noting the influence of Tim Burton but claiming that she offers "a more universal sweetness" than he does. He notes that while remaining accessible to children, the film still "drinks more deeply of the story's dark elements". David Parkinson of Radio Times awarded Snow White two stars out of five, praising Miranda Richardson's performance and comparing it to that of Sigourney Weaver in Snow White: A Tale of Terror. He also acclaimed the casting of Vincent Schiavelli as the tall dwarf, but in contrast, he criticised Kristin Kreuk's "inanimate performance", seeing her as a "dull heroine." M.S. Mason of the Christian Science Monitor said: "Beautiful young Kristin Kreuk makes a lovely Snow White" although felt that the film was only "passable family fare".
- Snow White: A Tale of Terror, another 1997 TV film based on the tale of Snow White starring Monica Keena as Snow White, who in this version is named Lilliana (Lily) Hoffman, and Sigourney Weaver as the Evil Lady Claudia Hoffman, Snow White's evil stepmother.
- A Look Behind the Scenes (NTSC Region 2) (DVD). Warner Vision International.
- Erickson, Hall. "Snow White: The Fairest of Them All". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 24 December 2012. Retrieved 24 December 2012.
- Anderson, Jeffrey M. (2002). "Snow White (2001)". Combustible Celluloid. Archived from the original on 24 December 2012. Retrieved 24 December 2012.
- Fries, Laura (13 March 2002). "Snow White: The Fairest of Them All". Variety. Archived from the original on 24 December 2012. Retrieved 24 December 2012.
- Parkinson, Davidsen. "Snow White". Radio Times. Archived from the original on 24 December 2012. Retrieved 24 December 2012.
- "What's on TV?". The Christian Science Monitor. March 15, 2002. Archived from the original on September 26, 2015. Retrieved January 5, 2016.