Slovene literature

Slovene literature is the literature written in the Slovene language. It spans across all literary genres with historically the Slovene historical fiction as the most widespread Slovene fiction genre. The Romantic 19th century epic poetry written by the leading name of the Slovene literary canon, France Prešeren, inspired virtually all subsequent Slovene literature.

First written texts in Slovene language

The Freising Manuscripts, dating from the 10th century, most probably written in upper Carinthia, are the oldest surviving documents in Slovene.
Protestant preacher Primož Trubar, author of the first printed book in Slovene
The Sower (1907) by the Impressionist painter Ivan Grohar is a metaphor for the Slovenes as a vigorous nation in front of an uncertain future[1] and a nation that sows in order that it could harvest.[2]

First written text

The earliest documents written in a Slovene dialect are the Freising manuscripts (Brižinski spomeniki), dated between 972 and 1022, found in 1803 in Freising, Germany.

First books

The first books in Slovene were Catechismus and Abecedarium, written by the Protestant reformer Primož Trubar in 1550 and printed in Schwäbisch Hall.[3] Based on the work by Trubar, who from 1555 until 1577 translated into Slovene and published the entire New Testament, Jurij Dalmatin translated the entire Bible into Slovene from c. 1569 until 1578 and published it in 1583. In the second half of the 16th century Slovene became known to other European languages with the multilingual dictionary, compiled by Hieronymus Megiser. Since then each new generation of Slovene writers has contributed to the growing corpus in the Slovene.

Historical periods

Middle Ages

Main articles: Freising Manuscripts, Klagenfurt Manuscript, Stična Manuscript, and Castelmonte Manuscript

Folk poetry

Main articles: Kralj Matjaž, Pegam and Lambergar, Peter Klepec, Rošlin and Verjanko, and The Fair Vida

Protestant reformation


Main article: Thomas Chrön


Main articles: Lovrenc Marušič, Tobia Lionelli, and Johann Weikhard von Valvasor

Age of Enlightenment




This period encompasses 1899–1918.

Late realism


Main articles: Edvard Kocbek, Pavel Golia, Vladimir Bartol, Louis Adamic, Alma Karlin, Bogomir Magajna, Ivan Mrak, Anton Novačan, Lili Novy, Julius Kugy, Vladimir Kralj, and Marica Gregorič Stepančič



Main articles: Joža Lovrenčič, Miran Jarc, Anton Vodnik, France Vodnik, Božo Vodušek, Ivan Pregelj, Slavko Grum, Stanko Majcen, France Bevk, Jože Udovič, Stanko Vuk, Danilo Lokar, and Cene Vipotnik



Main articles: Karel Destovnik Kajuh, Edvard Kocbek, Matej Bor, France Balantič, and Ivan Hribovšek


Main articles: Žarko Petan, Boris Pahor, Alojz Rebula, Florjan Lipuš, Janko Messner, Mimi Malenšek, Miha Remec, Miloš Mikeln, Saša Vuga, Feri Lainšček, Marjan Tomšič, Tone Partljič, Vladimir Kavčič, Igor Torkar, and Matej Bor



Intimism (Slovene: intimizem) was a poetic movement, the main themes of which were love, disappointment and suffering and the projection of poet's inner feelings onto nature.[4] Its beginner is Ivan Minatti, who was followed by Lojze Krakar. The climax of Intimism was achieved in 1953 with a collection of poetry titled Poems of the Four (Pesmi štirih), written by Janez Menart, Ciril Zlobec, Kajetan Kovič and Tone Pavček.[5] An often neglected female counterpart to the four was Ada Škerl, whose subjective and pessimistic poetic sentiment was contrary to the post-war revolutionary demands in the People's Republic of Slovenia.[6]



Post 1990


Wikimedia Commons has media related to Slovene literature.
  1. Smrekar, Andrej. "Slovenska moderna" [Slovene Early Modernism] (in Slovenian). National Gallery of Slovenia.
  2. Naglič, Miha (6 June 2008). "Je človek še Sejalec" [Is a Man Still a Sower]. Gorenjski glas (in Slovenian).
  3. Ahačič, Kozma (2013). "Nova odkritja o slovenski protestantiki" [New Discoveries About the Slovene Protestant Literature] (PDF). Slavistična revija (in Slovenian and English). 61 (4): 543–555.
  4. Pavlič, Darja (May 2008). "Contextualizing contemporary Slovenian lyric poetry within literary history" (DOC). Retrieved 7 February 2011.
  5. (Slovene)
  6. "Umrla Ada Škerl" [Ada Škerl Deceased]. (in Slovenian). 1 June 2009. Retrieved 7 February 2011.
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