Sklithro in summer 2005
|Coordinates: 40°37′N 21°30′E / 40.617°N 21.500°ECoordinates: 40°37′N 21°30′E / 40.617°N 21.500°E|
|Administrative region||West Macedonia|
|Elevation||680 m (2,230 ft)|
|• Population||532 (2011)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|Postal code||530 75|
Sklithro (Greek: Σκλήθρο, before 1927: Ζέλενιτς - Zelenits; Bulgarian and Macedonian Slavic: Зелениче, Zeleniche) is a small village located about 40 kilometres southwest of Florina, the capital of Florina regional unit in northwestern Greece. It is situated in a picturesque valley at the foot of the Vitsi mountain range halfway along the Amyntaio – Kastoria local road.
At its peak in the first part of the twentieth century, the population of the village had reached about 3,500 inhabitants. There were two Bulgarian and one Greek school in the village in the beginning of 20th century. The population decrease can be attributed to many causes including World War I, the population exchange with Turkey following the Treaty of Lausanne, World War II, as well as the Greek Civil War which had a devastating impact on Sklithro and the surrounding region. Following the Civil War, the village saw a mass exodus of people migrating to North America, Australia, and other European countries, where opportunity and a better way of life existed. Today, the village is experiencing a bit of a rejuvenation. Many of the formerly abandoned homes have been or are in the process of being renovated. Agriculture continues to be the mainstay of the village and is celebrated with an annual potato festival in the month of August. During the summer months tourism also plays an important role as many of the former residents return to visit the land of their birth or ancestors. Also, nearby are the tourist attractions of Nymfaio and the Arcturos bear refuge.
- "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.
- Name changes of settlements in Greece
- Григорович, В. Очеркъ путешествiя по Европейской Турцiи, Москва, 1877, стр. 93.
- Верковичъ, С.И. „Топографическо-этнографическiй очеркъ Македонiи“. СПб, 1889, стр. 154.
- Васил Кънчов. „Македония. Етнография и статистика“. София, 1900, стр. 250.
- D.M.Brancoff. "La Macedoine et sa Population Chretienne". Paris, 1905, p.176-177.