James Tylney-Long

Sir James Tylney-Long, 7th Baronet (1736 28 November 1794) was an English politician.

The eldest son of Sir Robert Long, 6th Baronet and his wife Emma Child, he succeeded his father as 7th Baronet on 10 February 1767, and inherited the family estates, including the manors of Draycot and Athelhampton.


He was a member of the Wiltshire Militia, gaining the rank of Captain in 1759, and Major in 1769, and later formed the Draycot Troop of Yeomanry Cavalry.

In 1784 he inherited the estates of Wanstead, and Tylney Hall from his uncle the 2nd Earl Tylney, and Sir James took the additional name of Tylney. He also became a generous benefactor of public and private charities, living a modest and unassuming lifestyle.

He was Member of Parliament for Marlborough (17621780), for Devizes (17801788) and elected for Wiltshire in 1788, replacing the late Charles Penruddocke.[1]


In 1775 Long married firstly, Harriet, fourth daughter of Jacob Bouverie, 1st Viscount Folkestone. She died on 12 November 1777, there were no children from this marriage. He married secondly, in 1785, Catherine Sydney Windsor, daughter of Other Windsor, 4th Earl of Plymouth.

They had three daughters including Catherine, whose disastrous marriage to William Pole-Tylney-Long-Wellesley, 4th Earl of Mornington saw the destruction of Wanstead House.

Sir James Tylney-Long died at his home, Draycot House on 29 November 1794. His wife, Lady Catherine died in 1823. Sir James' only son, also called James, was born two months before his father's death and became the 8th Baronet. A sickly child, he died on 14 September 1805 just short of his eleventh birthday, and the vast estates of the Long, Child and Tylney families devolved onto his elder sister Catherine. The Baronetcy became extinct.

Further reading


  1. The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1790-1820, ed. R. Thorne, 1986

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Lord Brudenell
Robert Brudenell
Member of Parliament for Marlborough
With: Lord Brudenell 17621768
James Brudenell 17681780
Succeeded by
The Earl of Courtown
William Woodley
Preceded by
James Sutton
Charles Garth
Member of Parliament for Devizes
With: Charles Garth 17651780
Henry Jones 17801784
Henry Addington 17841788
Succeeded by
Henry Addington
Joshua Smith
Preceded by
Charles Penruddocke
Ambrose Goddard
Member of Parliament for Wiltshire
With: Ambrose Goddard
Succeeded by
Ambrose Goddard
Henry Penruddocke Wyndham
Baronetage of England
Preceded by
Robert Long
(of Westminster)
Succeeded by
James Tylney-Long

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