Sir Chinubhai Madhowlal Ranchhodlal, 1st Baronet

Sir Chinubhai Madhowlal Ranchhodlal, 1st Baronet of Shahpur, CIE, also spelled as Sir Chinubhai Madhowlal Runchorelal[1] (26 May 1864 – 3 March 1916),[2] commonly known as Sir Chinubhai Baronet, was the first Hindu Baronet of British India, textile mill owner and philanthropist from Ahmedabad, India.[3][4][5]

Life Sketch

Chinubhai was the son of Madhavlal Ranchhodlal and Revabai born in a Hindu Nagar Brahmin family and was the adopted grandson[1] of Rao Bahadur Ranchhodlal Chhotalal, CIE, the man who founded the first textile mill of Ahmedabad.[6]

Their ancestral home was and part of it still survives is in Shahpur area of old Ahmedabad city, after which baronetcy was named - of Shahpur. It was famous by the name Chinubhai Baronet Mansion.

A monument dedicated to Sir Chinubhai Ranchhodlal, Bt, in Ahmedabad.

He was fluent in all taught languages Gujarati, Persian, Sanskrit and English. He also attended school and later college.[7] He later joined his family business and textile and under his able stewardship the businesses grew and prospered rapidly.

He married in 1876 to Devlaxmi daughter of Surajram Sarabhai and had six daughters and one son named Girijaprasad from his marriage.[2][3]

His grandfather Ranchhodlal died in 1898 and father Madhavlal died only three years later in 1901, after whose demise he inherited family fortunes and business, which consisted of two cotton textile mills one in Ahmadabad and another in Bharuch, as well other agencies and businesses. Chinubhai like his grandfather Ranchhodlal also become the President of the Ahmadabad Municipality.[6] He was also appointed as member of the Legislative Council of Bombay by Lord George Sydenham Clarke, who was at that time Governor of Bombay, with whom he also shared close friendship. Chinubhai also served as the President of the Ahmadabad Mill Owner’s Association.[6]

He donated monies on princely scale for philanthropic and educational purposes, which led to foundations of educational institutions like, Madhavlal Ranchhodlal Chhotalal High School, Madhavlal Boarding, Ranchhodlal Chhotalal Technical Institute,[8] Sanskrit School at Ahmadabad, Gujarat College, Ahmadabad, Sydenham College of Commerce, Bombay, The Royal Institute of Science, Bombay.[7]

To mention, a few, Chinubhai Madhavalal in 1897 came forward and donated 33 acres of land along with generous cash donations worth millions of rupees for the expansion of Gujarat College, which was started under leadership of his grandfather Rai Bahadur Sheth Ranchhodlal Chotalal, in 1879. To mention some of other charities, in the year 1897, he donated 6 lakh (US$8,900) and further 2 lakh (US$3,000). for the construction of Arts College[9] to which he further added a sum of 1.5 lakh (US$2,200) for a library and collage hall.[9] The buildings that came up from these donations were Madhavlal Ranchodlal Science Institute named after father of Sir Chinubhai, Sydenham Library and George V Hall, which all were inaugurated by Lord George Sydenham Clarke in 1912, 1915 and 1917, respectively.[9] Sir Chinubhai Madhavalal, again donated another sum of 10 lakh (US$15,000). as patron of College.[10][11] Also, he made a huge donation in 1913, which was used in establishing water system known as Lady Hardinge Water Works at King Endward VII Sanitarium at Dharampur.[12]

The Victoria Jubilee Hospital, the first maternity hospital in Ahmadabad that was started by his grandfather in 1865[13] was expanded and modernized under his supervision. He also built a beautiful public garden named Madhav Baug in memory of his father Sri Madhavlal for the use of people of Ahmadabad.[7]

Sir Chinubhai was also a great patron of art and literature and donated handsomely for the purpose. A collection of his art is known as Sir Chinubhai Baronet's Collection.[14][15]

Due to his handsome donations, together with his active participation in public and civic affairs in year 1910, Chinubhai Madhavlal was appointed a Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire (CIE) in 1907,[16] and was knighted in 1910.[17] A few years later on 6 February 1913, he was created a Baronet[18] by the British Crown. He thus became the first member of any Hindu community to receive the baronetcy.[3][19]

His died in March 1916 at age of 52 only and his son Sir Girijaprasad succeeded him as 2nd baronet and inherited his businesses and legacy.[20]-

While listening to the list of donations made by Sir Chinubhai, it struck me that Sir Chinubhai's donations match the world-famous Parsi donations...I wish and convey through Sir Girjaprasad, to the affluent people of the city to follow the path of philanthropy charted by Sir Chinubhai Madhavlal and place Ahmadabad before the world as an ideal to be followed.

See also


  1. 1 2 A Joint Enterprise: Indian Elites and the Making of British Bombay By Preeti Chopra. 2011. p. 25.
  2. 1 2 "Sir Chinubhai Madhowlal Ranchhodlal". The Peerage. Retrieved 5 April 2013.
  3. 1 2 3 Armorial families: a directory of gentlemen of coat-armour by Arthur Charles Fox-Davies. Hurst & Blackett, ltd. 1929. p. 1695.
  4. General and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire. Burke's Peerage Limited. 1914. p. 1694.
  5. ROUND THE WORLD.Poverty Bay Herald, Rōrahi XL, Putanga 13156, 16 Hereturikōkā 1913, Page 10
  6. 1 2 3 "Memoir of Rao Bahadur Ranchhodlal Chhotalal, C.I.E." COMPILED BY S. M. EDWARDES, C.S.I., C.V.O., BY SIR H. EVAN M. JAMES, K.C.I.E., C.S.I. 1920
  7. 1 2 3 Gujarat College-our patrons
  8. RC Technical Institute founded 1910
  9. 1 2 3 The Bombay University Calendar. University of Bombay. 1929. p. 18.
  10. The Gujarat Government Gazette, 1962 - Page 1195
  11. Gujarat State Gazetteer , Volume 2 by U.M. Chokshi, M.R. Trivedi. Director, Government Print., Stationery and Publications, Gujarat State. 1991.
  12. All-India Trade Directory and Who's who - Page 38, 1943.
  13. Victoria Jubilee Hospital Trust
  14. Gujarat: Its Art-heritage by Mañjulāla Raṇachoḍalāla Majamudāra. University of Bombay, Arts-Gujarati. 1968. p. xiii,xiiii.
  15. Encyclopaedic Dictionary of Pali Literature - Volume 1 - Page 1337|quote=the poet, got this work printed through the donation from Sir Chinubhai Baronet.
  16. The London Gazette: no. 28034. p. 4438. 28 June 1907.
  17. The London Gazette: no. 28407. p. 5946. 16 August 1910.
  18. The London Gazette: no. 28721. p. 3668. 23 May 1913.
  19. "onehundredyearsagotoday". Retrieved 5 April 2013.
  20. Collected works , Volume 56 by Gandhi (Mahatma). Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Govt. of India,. 1973. p. iv,12–13.
  21. Sir Chinubhai Madhavlal Beronet Hospital Kalupur
This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 10/22/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.