Siemowit plate by Walery Eljsasz-Radzikowski (1841-1905).
Duke of the Polans
Reign 9th century
Predecessor Popiel
Successor Lestek
Issue Lestek
House Piast
Father Piast the Wheelwright
Mother Rzepicha
Religion Pagan

Siemowit (Polish pronunciation: [ɕɛˈmɔvit], also Ziemowit [ʑɛˈmɔvit]) was, according to the chronicles of Gallus Anonymus, the son of Piast the Wheelwright and Rzepicha. He is considered to be the first ruler of the Piast dynasty.[1]

He became the Duke of the Polans in the 9th century after his father, Piast the Wheelwright, son of Chościsko, refused to take the place of legendary Duke Popiel. Siemowit was elected as new duke by the wiec.[2] According to a popular legend, Popiel was then eaten by mice in his tower on the Gopło lake.[3]

The only mention of Siemowit, along with his son, Lestek, and grandson, Siemomysł, comes in the medieval chronicle of Gallus Anonymus.[4]

Siemowit's great grandson, Mieszko I, is considered the first ruler of Poland.


  1. K. Jasiński, Rodowód pierwszych Piastów, p. 47.
  2. Janusz Roszko (1980). Kolebka Siemowita. "Iskry". p. 170. ISBN 978-83-207-0090-9. Retrieved 29 February 2012.
  3. Jan Bondeson. Two-Headed Boy, and Other Medical Marvels. Cornell University Press. pp. 91–2. ISBN 978-0-8014-8958-7.
  4. (English) (Latin) Gallus Anonymus; Knoll, Schoer; Bisson, Schaen. The Chronicles and Deeds of the Dukes or Princes of the Poles. Central European University Press. pp. 17–22. ISBN 978-963-9241-40-4.

See also

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