Siege of Fort Crozon

Siege of Fort Crozon
Part of the Anglo–Spanish War
and the French Wars of Religion
Date1 October - 19 November, 1594
LocationPointe des Espagnols, France
Result French-English victory
Kingdom of France
Commanders and leaders
Jean VI d'Aumont, Marshal of France
Kingdom of England John Norreys
Kingdom of England Martin Frobisher 
Thomas de Praxides 
3,000 French infantry
2,000 English infantry
3,000 French cavalry
400 gentlemen
700 English marines
400 men
Casualties and losses
1,000 men 13 survivors

The Siege of Fort Crozon (also known as the Siege of El Leon) was conducted by English and French troops against a Spanish fort constructed on the Crozon Peninsula near Brest in October and November 1594, late in the French wars of religion. The well-situated fort (called El Leon by the Spanish), part of Spanish preparations for an intended siege of Brest, was held by 400 defenders against an allied force of more than 8,000 from October 1 until November 7, when the walls were breached by a mine. In the ensuing assault, most of the Spanish garrison, which neither asked for nor was offered quarter, was killed.

Both Samuel de Champlain and Martin Frobisher, two early explorers of Canada were at this siege and most probably met there and knew one another. Martin Frobisher was mortally wounded at this siege.

The Spanish failure effectively ended their hopes to use Brest as a launching point for an invasion of England.


Champlain's Dream The Visionary Adventurer Who Made a New World in Canada, David Hackett Fischer, Alfred A. Knopf Canada, 2008 ISBN 978-0-307-39766-9

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