Siaogang District

Xiaogang District [1]
Nickname(s): Port Edge
港仔墘 (pinyin: Gǎngzaǐqián)
Coordinates: 22°33′16″N 120°21′37″E / 22.554416°N 120.360176°E / 22.554416; 120.360176Coordinates: 22°33′16″N 120°21′37″E / 22.554416°N 120.360176°E / 22.554416; 120.360176
Country Taiwan
Region Southern Taiwan
City Kaohsiung City
  Total 45.4426 km2 (17.5455 sq mi)
Population (January 2016)
  Total 156,220
  Density 3,400/km2 (8,900/sq mi)
Website Official website

Xiaogang District (Chinese: 小港區; pinyin: Xiǎogāng Qū; Wade–Giles: Hsiao3-kang1 Ch'ü1; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Sió-káng-khu) is the southernmost district of Kaohsiung City in southern Taiwan. The second largest airport in Taiwan, Kaohsiung International Airport, is located here.


Xiaogang was developed during Dutch era. The Dutch built Ang mo Harbor as an addition to Anping Harbor in Tainan. After losing the war against Koxinga, the Dutch left Taiwan. Koxinga's government developed Taiwan as the base to revive the Ming Dynasty and prepare his troops for fighting the Qing dynasty. He sent one of his men, Wu Yanshang, to expand Xiaogang. After Koxinga, his son, and his grandson died, the Qing quickly defeated the Ming remnants and annexed Taiwan.

In 1895, the Qing dynasty ceded Taiwan to Japan in the Treaty of Shimonoseki after losing the First Sino-Japanese War, and Xiaogang was used to produce sugar for Japanese. In 1920, the original name of Kang-a-ki (Chinese: 港仔墘; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Káng-á-kîⁿ) was changed, and the incorporated areas were administered as Kominato Village (小港庄) under Hōzan District, Takao Prefecture.

As a heavy industry base in Taiwan during World War II, Xiaogang was more heavily bombed by the Allied force than other parts of the city. After the war, Xiaogang was administrated as Xiaogang Township of Kaohsiung County, a third-level government of the Republic of China, under Taiwan Province. Xiaogang was annexed by Kaohsiung City and become Xiaogang District on 1 July 1979, when Kaohsiung City became a special municipality.


Xiaogang is located in the southern part of Kaohsiung. It borders Qianzhen District to the north, Daliao Township to the east, Linyuan Township to the south, and the Taiwan Strait to the west.


As far as the industry of Taiwan is concerned, Xiaogang is one of the most important regions for the shipbuilding and steel industries. During the 1970s, the government spent 5 years carrying out Ten Major Construction Projects. Two companies resulting from the projects are based here: China Steel and CSBC Corporation, Taiwan. CPC Corporation, Taiwan also a part of the ten projects, has a major oil refinery facility located here. With the proximity of Kaohsiung Harbor, the products of these companies are exported worldwide. These products are also transported throughout the island via National Highway No. 1 (Taiwan), which terminates on the northern border of the district.


Elementary Schools

Junior High Schools

Senior High Schools


Tourist attractions




The Kaohsiung International Airport is located within the district


The district is accessible by Kaohsiung International Airport Station and Siaogang Station of the Kaohsiung Mass Rapid Transit.


See also


  1. "Glossary of Names for Admin Divisions" (PDF). Ministry of Interior of the ROC. Retrieved 12 June 2015.
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