Short-lived Ottoman provinces

Among the many Ottoman provinces (eyalets or vilayets) that were created during the centuries-long history of the Ottoman Empire, some existed for relatively short amounts of time, either because they were ceded to foreign powers, obtained independence, or were simply merged with other provinces.


See also: Eyalet
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1855 map of Anatolia, showing the location of the Eyalet of Kurdistan.


See also: Vilayet


  1. 1 2 3 4 D. E. Pitcher (1972). An Historical Geography of the Ottoman Empire: From Earliest Times to the End of the Sixteenth Century. Brill Archive. p. 140. Retrieved 2013-06-02.
  2. Sadık Müfit Bilge, "Macaristan'da Osmanlı Hakimiyetinin ve İdari Teşkilatının Kuruluşu ve Gelişmesi", Ankara Üniversitesi Osmanlı Tarihi Araştırma ve Uygulama Merkezi dergisi, Sayı 11, Ankara Üniversitesi Basımevi, 2000, p. 68. (Turkish)
  3. Hakan Özoğlu, Osmanlı devleti ve Kürt milliyetçiliği, Kitap Yayinevi, 2005, ISBN 978-975-6051-02-3, p. 89. (Turkish)
  4. System of universal geography founded on the works of Malte-Brun and Balbi — Open Library (p. 647)
  5. Emir Bedirhan Lütfi Ahmad Ramiz bgst 2007 p. 113 (translation of Takvim-i Vekayi)
  6. Hakan Özoğlu, Osmanlı devleti ve Kürt milliyetçiliği, Kitap Yayinevi, 2005, ISBN 978-975-6051-02-3, p. 86.
  7. Grandits, Hannes; Nathalie Clayer; Robert Pichler (2010). Conflicting Loyalties in the Balkans The Great Powers, the Ottoman Empire and Nation-building. Gardners Books. p. 309. ISBN 978-1-84885-477-2. Retrieved 5 May 2011. In 1868 the vilayet of Prizren was created with the sancaks of Prizren, Dibra, Skopje and Niš; it only existed till 1877
  8. Akşin Somel, Selçuk (2001). The modernization of public education in the Ottoman Empire, 1839-1908. Netherlands: Brill. p. 234. ISBN 90-04-11903-5. Retrieved 2 August 2011. the vilayet of Prizren was founded in 1871
  9. Gail Warrander; Verena Knaus (2010). Kosovo. Bradt Travel Guides. p. 86. ISBN 978-1-84162-331-3. Retrieved 2013-06-08.
  10. 1 2 Europe by Éliseé Reclus, page 152
  11. Stanford Jay Shaw; Ezel Kural Shaw (1977). History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey. Cambridge University Press. p. 154. ISBN 978-0-521-29166-8. Retrieved 2013-06-04.
  12. P'Ojok, Akena (15 January 2011). "A Chronicle of The New African State of South Sudan". Retrieved 22 January 2015.
  13. Moore-Harell, Alice (April 1998). "Slave Trade in the Sudan in the Nineteenth Century and Its Suppression in the Years 1877-80". Middle Eastern Studies. 34 (2): 113–128. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
  14. Güzel, Hasan Celal (8 January 2013). "Batı Sömürgeciliğinden Türk Dostluğuna: Afrika" (in Turkish). Sabah. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
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