Shaybah Oil Field
Shaybah Oil Field

Location in the southeast of Saudi Arabia

Coordinates: 21°43′25.6″N 53°39′26″E / 21.723778°N 53.65722°E / 21.723778; 53.65722Coordinates: 21°43′25.6″N 53°39′26″E / 21.723778°N 53.65722°E / 21.723778; 53.65722
Country Saudi Arabia
Population (2016)
  Total 1,500[1]
Time zone UTC+03:00 (UTC+2)
  Summer (DST) +3 (UTC)
External image
Shaybah mega-project

Shaybah Oil Field is a major crude oil production oil site in Saudi Arabia, located approximately 40 kilometres (25 mi) from the northern edge of the Rub' Al-Khali ("Empty Quarter") desert. It is about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) south of the border to Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, which is a straight line drawn in the desert. It is 40 kilometres (25 mi) south of the eastern part of Abu Dhabi's Liwa Oasis.

Shaybah was developed for the purposes of exploiting the Shaybah oilfield. It was established by Saudi Aramco during the 1990s, and, prior to this, only the rough tracks used by early exploration teams existed in this isolated desert region. All materials for the establishment and construction of Shaybah were transported the 800 kilometres (500 mi) from Dhahran to Shaybah by road.

Shaybah has housing facilities for 1,000 men, administrative offices, an airstrip, a fire station, recreation areas, maintenance and support workshops, and power stations for generation and distribution. There is a 650-kilometer fibre optic cable linking Shaybah to the main radio system at Abqaiq.

When established, the Shaybah oilfield had estimated reserves of over 14 billion barrels (2.2×109 m3) of crude oil and 25 trillion cubic feet (710 km3) of gas. Saudi Aramco brought the project on-stream in 1998. The crude is Arabian extra light, a high-quality crude grade with a specific gravity of 42 degrees api and a sulphur content of less than 0.7 percent. The oil reservoir is found at a depth of 1,494 meters and is itself 122 meters thick. The oil pipeline from the Shaybah field to Abqaiq is 638 miles (1,027 km) long, with a further 735 kilometres (457 mi) within the field itself.

Shaybah's weather is extreme, with the temperature dropping to 10 degrees Celsius on winter nights, rising to around 50 degrees Celsius in the summer daytime. Dust storms are a regular occurrence.



Shaybah Airport, a small airport serving the oil facilities, is used exclusively by Saudi Aramco. It provides flights to Dammam and Al-Hasa.


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