Seleucus V Philometor

Seleucus V Philometor
Crown Prince and King of Syria
Co-regent (King) of the Seleucid Empire (Co-regent of Syria)
Reign 126-125 BC (with his mother Cleopatra Thea)
Ccoronation 125 BC
Predecessor Demetrius II Nicator and Alexander II Zabinas
Successor Cleopatra Thea and Antiochus VIII Grypus
Born Unknown
Died 96 BC
Dynasty Seleucid
Father Demetrius II Nicator
Mother Cleopatra Thea

The Seleucid king Seleucus V Philometor (Greek: Σέλευκος Ε΄ ὁ Φιλομήτωρ; 126 – 125 BC), ruler of the Hellenistic Seleucid kingdom, was the eldest son of Demetrius II Nicator and Cleopatra Thea.[1] The epithet Philometor means "mother-loving" and in the Hellenistic world usually indicated that the mother acted as co-regent for the prince.


Either he or his half brother Antiochus IX Cyzicenus is probably identical with the ephemeral child ruler Antiochus Epiphanes, who was crowned by Cleopatra Thea after the death of Antiochus VII but before Demetrius II returned to Antioch. The child Antiochus Epiphanes, who is known from coins, was deposed—but not killed—when Demetrius II was restored in 129 BC.

In 126 BC Demetrios II was murdered at the instigation of his wife, Cleopatra Thea. Now she herself took power and soon also killed her oldest surviving son Seleucus V. Two different motives are given as reason for this deed: According to one version he had attempted to claim the throne without her agreement,[2] according to the other version she was afraid that he might avenge the assassination of his father.[3]

See also


  1. Appian, Syriaca 68
  2. Livy, Periochae 60; Justin 39.1.9
  3. Appian, Syriaca 69
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Preceded by
Demetrius II Nicator
Seleucid King
with Cleopatra Thea
126125 BC
Succeeded by
Antiochus VIII Grypus
Cleopatra Thea
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