Location within Ethiopia
|Coordinates: 14°07′N 38°29′E / 14.117°N 38.483°ECoordinates: 14°07′N 38°29′E / 14.117°N 38.483°E|
|Zone||Semien Mi'irabawi (North Western)|
|Elevation||1,972 m (6,470 ft)|
|Time zone||EAT (UTC+3)|
Seleh Leha (also transliterated Selekleka) is a town in northern Ethiopia. Located in the Semien Mi'irabawi (North Western) Zone of the Tigray Region, this town has a latitude and longitude of 14°07′N 38°29′E / 14.117°N 38.483°E with an elevation of 2107 meters above sea level. It is the administrative center of Medebay Zana woreda.
Seleh Leha is mentioned in the Royal Chronicle as where Ras Mikael Sehul and his puppet Emperor Tekle Haymanot II spent one night in June 1770 during their campaign through Tigray. The chronicler describes the place as "a holy land where there is no breath of scandal."
Two British hunters passed through Seleh Leha and its neighbor Gilgil Beles in January 1923, later describing the settlements in unflattering and dismissive words. In February 1936, during the opening moves of the Second Italian-Abyssinian War, the Blackshirt "21st April" Division, with the "Gavininana" and "Gran Sasso" Divisions clashed with the soldiers of Ras Imru Haile Selassie near Seleh Leha, as part of the Second Battle of Tembien.
During the Italian occupation, a leprosarium was built in Seleh Leha; this was abandoned by its Italian staff on 30 March 1941, and later pillaged and destroyed by the locals. The town was later the center of heavy fighting between the 604th Army Corps of the Derg's Third Revolutionary Army and troops of the Tigrayan People's Liberation Front during the Battle of Shire, which ended on 19 February 1989 with a crushing defeat for the Derg.
Based on figures from the Central Statistical Agency in 2005, Seleh Leha has an estimated total population of 7,391, of whom 3,529 are men and 3,862 are women. The 1994 census reported it had a total population of 4252 of whom 1,879 were males and 2,373 were females.
- "Livelihood Profile: Tigray Region, Ethiopia: Mereb Basin Livelihood Zone, February 2007", Disaster Prevention and Preparedness Agency of Ethiopia website (accessed 14 October)
- H. Weld Blundell, The Royal chronicle of Abyssinia, 1769-1840 (Cambridge: University Press, 1922), p. 220
- "Local History in Ethiopia" The Nordic Africa Institute website (accessed 6 December 2007)
- Gebru Tareke, The Ethiopian Revolution: War in the Horn of Africa (New Haven: Yale University, 2009), pp. 266 - 285
- CSA 2005 National Statistics, Table B.4