Peruvian Segunda División

Peruvian Segunda División
Country Peru
Founded 1936
Number of teams 12
Level on pyramid 2
Promotion to Primera División
Relegation to Copa Perú
Current champions Comerciantes Unidos
TV partners CMD
2016 season

The Segunda División Peruana (Second Division) of Peru is the second-highest division in the Peruvian football league system. It is a professional division and was declared a promotional division by the Peruvian Football Federation (FPF). After years of changing numbers of clubs, as of 2014 the league includes 16 clubs. It is currently organized by the Asociación Deportiva de Futbol Profesional.


The format of the Second Division has changed over the years. For decades after it was first formed in 1936, only clubs from the Department of Lima participated in the annual tournament. The winner was promoted to the Primera Division Peruana (First Division), the professional league.

Competition format and sponsorship

As of 2010, the winner of the tournament will be promoted to the First Division, while the last team will be relegated from the tournament and will play in the 2011 edition of the Copa Perú. Their places will be taken by the two relegated clubs of the First Division, and the team that finishes second place in the 2010 Copa Perú.


The Peruvian Segunda División is sponsored by Movistar TV, hence the name Torneo de Ascenso. They have had exclusive broadcasting rights.


The Segunda División has received numerous criticisms, chiefly due to the lack of stability in the process of competition and promotion, and the lack of professionalism.[1] Most critics accuse the football federation president, Manuel Burga, as the cause of the problems and an unpopular figure recently in Peruvian football.

Team count

The Segunda División has several times changed the number of teams that operate in the league. Over the course of 74 years, the Segunda has had as few as four teams and as many as 16. The early Segunda División were played with an average number of teams ranging from 4 to 10. Prior to the current 12-club Segunda División, during the 2000s, the team count continued to fluctuate between 10, 12, 14, 16 and even a surprising 13. For example, 12 teams competed in 2009, 10 competed in 2008, 11 competed in 2007, and 12 teams competed from 2004-2006. In 2001 and 2002, the Segunda División played with a record 16 teams.

Artificial turf

Several stadiums used in the second division have artificial grass installed for the so-called massification of sport.[2] Most stadiums in Peru are owned by the IPD (Instituto Peruano del Deporte), which is the state group responsible for supporting the use of artificial turf. This has been severely criticized by top division teams and the media. At first, these artificial turfs were installed for the 2005 FIFA U-17 World Cup; however, more artificial turf was installed in other stadiums after the U-17 World Cup concluded.[3] These turfs are criticized for having a negative influence on the game and for the injuries which they cause to players.


Currently, 16 clubs participate in the Segunda División, a change since the 2012 season because two teams withdrew before the start of the season. Five of the clubs are from Lima, and the remaining clubs make up the five teams from the country's interior. Prior to the current 10-club Segunda División, 12 teams competed in 2009, 10 competed in 2008, 11 competed in 2007 and 12 teams competed 2004-2006. In 2001 and 2002, the Segunda División played with a record 16 teams. In 2011, 12 teams will compete: 8 of last championship, the two relegated teams of Descentralizado and the second and third place of Copa Perú 2010.

Ciclista Lima and Unión Huaral, currently in the Copa Perú promotion tournament, have four titles won over the other clubs in Peru. Municipal, Guardia Republicana, Mariscal Sucre, Unión Callao, Telmo Carbajo and Carlos Concha trail behind with 3 titles. Universidad César Vallejo, Total Clean, Cobresol, and José Gálvez are the only clubs outside the metropolitan area of Lima to have won a Segunda Division championship. In addition, Alianza Lima, Atlético Chalaco, Centro Iqueño, Defensor Lima, Municipal, Mariscal Sucre, San Agustín, Sport Boys, and Unión Huaral are the only teams that have been champions of First and Second Division.

Since the Second Division began at the national level in 2006, only 18 of the 25 regions have had representative teams in the Second Division. These are Ancash, Apurímac, Arequipa, Ayacucho, Cajamarca, Callao, Huánuco, Ica, Junín, La Libertad, Lambayeque, Lima, Loreto, Moquegua, Piura, Puno, and Ucayali.

Stadia and Locations

Team City Stadium[4] Capacity[5]
Alfredo Salinas Espinar Municipal de Espinar 12,000
Alianza Universidad Huánuco Heraclio Tapia 15,000
Cantolao Callao Miguel Grau 17,000
Carlos A. Mannucci Trujillo Mansiche 25,000
Cienciano Cusco Garcilaso 42,056
Coopsol Chancay Rómulo Shaw Cisneros 13,000
Cultural Santa Rosa Andahuaylas Los Chankas 10,000
La Bocana Sechura Sesquicentenario 5,000
Los Caimanes Puerto Etén Elias Aguirre 24,500
Sport Áncash Huaraz Rosas Pampa 18,000
Sport Boys Callao Miguel Grau 17,000
Sport Loreto Pucallpa Aliardo Soria 25,000
Sport Victoria Ica José Picasso Peratta 8,000
Unión Huaral Huaral Julio Lores Colan 10,000
Universidad César Vallejo Trujillo Mansiche 25,000
Willy Serrato Pimentel Elías Aguirre 24,500


Peruvian Segunda División had amateur status since its foundation until 1987. In the course of this era, Telmo Carbajo, Ciclista Lima, Unión Callao, Carlos Concha and Mariscal Sucre shared the most titles. The first run from 1936 to 1987 featured clubs only from Lima and Callao. In 1988 the league obtained professional status and in 2006 expanded the league to the entire nation, beginning the Segunda División Nacional.

Season Champion Count Runner-up Third Place
1936Telmo Carbajo1
1939Alianza Lima1 Centro Iqueño Juventud Gloria
1940Telmo Carbajo 2 Santiago Barranco
1941Santiago Barranco 1 Centro Iqueño Ciclista Lima
1943 Telmo Carbajo3 Progresista Apurímac Ciclista Lima
1944 Ciclista Lima1 Telmo Carbajo Santiago Barranco
1945Santiago Barranco2 Lusitania Ciclista Lima
1946Ciclista Lima2Unión Callao Lusitania
1947Jorge Chávez (C) 1Santiago Barranco Unión Callao
1948Centro Iqueño1 Santiago Barranco Unión Callao
1949Ciclista Lima
Jorge Chávez (C)
Unión Callao
1950Unión Callao 1Association Chorrillos Unión Carbone
1951Association Chorrillos1Lusitania Santiago Barranco
1952Unión Callao2Porvenir Miraflores
1953Carlos Concha 1 Lusitania Jorge Chávez (C)
1954Unión Callao3KDT Nacional
1955Carlos Concha2Porvenir Miraflores Unión América
1956Porvenir Miraflores1Unión América Unidad Vecinal No. 3
1957Mariscal Castilla1Carlos Concha
1958Unión América1Porvenir Miraflores Juventud Gloria
1959Mariscal Sucre1KDT Nacional Porvenir Miraflores
1960Defensor Lima1Carlos Concha KDT Nacional
1961 KDT Nacional1Association Chorrillos Unidad Vecinal No. 3
1962Mariscal Sucre2Carlos Concha Porvenir Miraflores
1963Carlos Concha3Porvenir Miraflores Lusitania
1964Defensor Arica1Porvenir Miraflores Intimos de la Legua
1965Mariscal Sucre3Intimos de la Legua
1966Porvenir Miraflores2Racing (SI)
1967KDT Nacional2Independiente Sacachispas
1968Municipal1ADOCarlos Concha
1969SIMA1Mariscal Sucre Ciclista Lima
1970ADO1Centro Iqueño
1971SIMA2Atlético Chalaco Mariscal Sucre
1972Atlético Chalaco1Porvenir Miraflores Mariscal Sucre
1973Unión Huaral1 Walter Ormeño
1975Compañía Peruana de Teléfonos 1 Papelera Atlas CITSA
1980Unión Gonzáles Prada1 Defensor Lima Barcelona (S)
1981Juventud La Palma1 Mayta Cápac Barcelona (S)
1982Unión Gonzáles Prada2 Esther Grande Huracán San Isidro
1983Unión Gonzáles Prada3 Juventud La Palma Octavio Espinoza
1984San Agustín 1 AELU Juventud La Joya
1985Guardia Republicana1 Cantolao Peruano
1986Internazionale1 AELU Lawn Tennis
Guardia Republicana
Defensor Lima
1988Defensor Lima2 Juventud La Palma Sport Boys
1989Sport Boys1Juventud La Palma Guardia Republicana
1990Hijos de Yurimaguas1Walter OrmeñoJuventud La Palma
1991 Enrique Lau Chun1ZúñigaGuardia Republicana
1992Unión Huaral2Ciclista LimaGuardia Republicana
1993Ciclista Lima4Guardia RepublicanaAlcides Vigo
1994Unión Huaral3Hijos de YurimaguasZúñiga
1995Guardia Republicana3ZúñigaLawn Tennis
1996Alcides Vigo1Hijos de YurimaguasUnión Huaral
1997Lawn Tennis1Bella EsperanzaHijos de Yurimaguas
1998Hijos de Yurimaguas2Alcides VigoAELU
1999América Cochahuayco1Sporting Cristal BAlcides Vigo
2000Aviación1Alcides VigoHijos de Yurimaguas
2001Alcides Vigo2AELUBella Esperanza
2002Unión Huaral4Defensor Villa del MarSporting Cristal B
2003Sport Coopsol1Sporting Cristal BOlímpico Somos Perú
2004Olimpico Aurora1Municipal Unión de Campeones
2005Olimpico Aurora2AviaciónMunicipal
2006Municipal2Universidad San MarcosAviación
2007Universidad César Vallejo1MineroUniversidad Técnica de Cajamarca
2008Total Clean1Inti GasSport Águila
2009Sport Boys2 CobresolCoopsol
2010Cobresol 1 Sport Áncash Hijos de Acosvinchos
2011José Gálvez 1 Coopsol Alianza Unicachi
2012Pacífico 1 Coopsol Los Caimanes
2013Los Caimanes 1 Alfonso Ugarte Torino
2014Municipal 3 Coopsol Carlos A. Mannucci
2015 Comerciantes Unidos 1 Los Caimanes Torino
2016 1 Cienciano

Titles by club

Club Winners Runners-up Winning years Runners-up years
Ciclista Lima 4 1 1944, 1946, 1949, 1993 1992
Unión Huaral 4 0 1973, 1992, 1994, 2002
Carlos Concha 3 3 1953, 1955, 1963 1957, 1960, 1962
Municipal 3 1 1968, 2006, 2014 2004
Guardia Republicana 3 1 1985, 1987, 1995 1993
Mariscal Sucre 3 1 1959, 1962, 1965 1969
Telmo Carbajo 3 1 1936, 1940, 1943 1944
Unión Callao 3 1 1950, 1952, 1954 1946
Unión Gonzáles Prada 3 0 1980, 1982, 1983
Porvenir Miraflores 2 6 1956, 1966 1952, 1955, 1958, 1963, 1964, 1972
Santiago Barranco 2 3 1941, 1945 1940, 1947, 1948
Alcides Vigo 2 2 1996, 2001 1998, 2000
Hijos de Yurimaguas 2 2 1990, 1998 1994, 1996
KDT Nacional 2 2 1961, 1967 1954, 1959
Olímpico Aurora 2 1 2004, 2005 2008
Defensor Lima 2 0 1960, 1988
SIMA 2 0 1969, 1971
Jorge Chávez (C) 2 0 1947, 1949
Sport Boys 2 0 1989, 2009
AELU 1 3 1987 1984, 1986, 2001
Centro Iqueño 1 3 1948 1939, 1941, 1970
Juventud La Palma 1 3 1981 1983, 1988, 1989
Association Chorrillos 1 2 1951 1950, 1961
ADO 1 1 1970 1968
Atlético Chalaco 1 1 1972 1971
Aviación 1 1 2000 2005
Cobresol 1 1 2010 2009
Los Caimanes 1 1 2013 2015
Unión América 1 1 1958 1956
Alianza Lima 1 0 1939
América Cochahuayco 1 0 1999
Comerciantes Unidos 1 0 2015
Compañía Peruana de Teléfonos 1 0 1975
Defensor Arica 1 0 1964
Enrique Lau Chun 1 0 1991
Internazionale 1 0 1986
José Gálvez 1 0 2011
Lawn Tennis 1 0 1997
Mariscal Castilla 1 0 1957
Pacífico 1 0 2012
San Agustín 1 0 1984
Sport Coopsol 1 0 2003
Total Clean 1 0 2008
Universidad César Vallejo 1 0 2007

Titles by region

Region Nº of titles Clubs
Lima 46 Ciclista Lima (4), Unión Huaral (4), Municipal (3), Guardia Republicana (3), Mariscal Sucre (3), Unión Gonzáles Prada (3), Alcides Vigo (2), Defensor Lima (2), Olímpico Aurora (2), Porvenir Miraflores (2), Alianza Lima (1), América Cochahuayco (1), AELU (1), Association Chorrillos (1), Aviación (1), Centro Iqueño (1), Compañía Peruana de Teléfonos (1), Defensor Arica (1), Enrique Lau Chun (1), Juventud La Palma (1), Lawn Tennis (1), Mariscal Castilla (1), Pacífico (1), San Agustín (1), Santiago Barranco (1), Sport Coopsol (1), Internazionale (1), Unión América (1)
Callao 21 Carlos Concha (3), Telmo Carbajo (3), Unión Callao (3), Hijos de Yurimaguas (2), Jorge Chávez (C) (2), KDT Nacional (2), SIMA (2), Sport Boys (2), Atlético Chalaco (1), ADO (1)
Ancash 1 José Gálvez (1)
Arequipa 1 Total Clean (1)
Cajamarca 1 Comerciantes Unidos (1)
La Libertad 1 Universidad César Vallejo (1)
Lambayeque 1 Los Caimanes (1)
Moquegua 1 Cobresol (1)

See also


  1. Becker, Wolfy (6 March 2007). "The dreadful situation of Peruvian football". Wolfy Becker. Retrieved 15 June 2009.
  2. "Woodman: "No habrá cambio de césped en el Elías Aguirre"" [There will not be changes to the field in the Elías Aguirre] (in Spanish). Retrieved 26 April 2010. Agregó que de ninguna manera se cambiara el césped sintético a los demás estadios del país que tienen este tipo de gramado. 'Nosotros estamos para masificar el deporte y el pasto sintético es un tema apoyado por la FIFA.... Además sí se puede jugar al fútbol, como se juega en todos lados' subrayó Woodman.
  3. "Three Companies re-sign agreement". FIFA. Retrieved 26 May 2010. Polytan Sportstättenbau GmbH, the German-based company, won the tender for installing 4 fields in Peru, all of which were used for the FIFA U-17 World Championship Peru 2005. This was the first time a FIFA Final tournament was played entirely on artificial turf.
  4. Most stadiums are owned by the Instituto Peruano del Deporte (IPD).
  5. "Peru". Archived from the original on 25 February 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-02.

External links

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