Scottish Green Party
|Co-Convenors||Patrick Harvie MSP and Maggie Chapman|
|Representatives in the Scottish Parliament||John Finnie, Ross Greer Patrick Harvie, Alison Johnstone, Mark Ruskell and Andy Wightman|
72 Newhaven Road
|Youth wing||Scottish Young Greens|
|European affiliation||European Green Party|
|International affiliation||Global Greens|
|European Parliament group||N/A|
|UK Parliament affiliation||
Cooperate with (but are independent from) the Green Party of England and Wales and Green Party in Northern Ireland
|Scottish seats in the House of Commons||
0 / 59
|Scottish seats in the European Parliament||
0 / 6
6 / 129
|Local government in Scotland||
12 / 1,223
|Part of a series on|
The Scottish Green Party (Scottish Gaelic: Pàrtaidh Uaine na h-Alba; Scots: Scots Green Pairty) is a green, left-wing political party in Scotland. The party has six MSPs in the Scottish Parliament as of 2016. The party also have twelve councillors in 5 of the 32 Scottish local councils.
The Scottish Green Party was created in 1990 when the former Green Party split into separate parties for Scotland, Northern Ireland, and England and Wales. The party is affiliated to the Global Greens and the European Green Party. While associated mainly with environmentalist policies, it has a history of support for communitarian economic policies, including well-funded, locally controlled public services within the confines of a steady-state economy, is supportive of proportional representation and takes a progressive approach to social policies. It is the only party other than the Scottish National Party to both support Scottish independence and have representation in Scottish Parliament.
Party membership increased dramatically following the Scottish Independence Referendum. As of May 2016, the Scottish Green Party has become the fourth biggest party by membership in Scotland, overtaking the Scottish Liberal Democrats.
The Scottish Green Party is fully independent, but works closely with the other green parties of the United Kingdom and Ireland: the Green Party of England and Wales, the Green Party in Northern Ireland and the Green Party of Ireland. It is a full member of the European Green Party. The party currently has six MSPs and fourteen councillors. At the 2005 Westminster election, the party contested 19 seats and polled 25,760 votes, they returned no MPs. Its highest share of the vote was 7.7% of the vote in Glasgow North. In the European Parliament election of 2004, it polled 6.8% of the vote and did not return any MEPs. The party lost five of their seven seats in the 2007 Scottish Parliament election.
According to accounts filed with the Electoral Commission for the year ending December 31, 2009, the party had an income of about £90,230 that year, an expenditure of £61,165 and a membership of 1,072. Within days of the Scottish Independence referendum being held, the membership swelled to more than 5,000. Launching its manifesto for the 2015 General Election, the Scottish Green Party stated a membership of over 8,500. By October 2015 the party were holding their biggest ever conference, with their membership standing at more than 9,000.
The Scottish Green Party originated as the Scottish branch of the Ecology Party, founded in 1978 by Leslie Spoor. The Ecology Party became the UK Green Party and it remained a constituent party until 1990, when the Scottish Green Party became a separate entity. The separation was entirely amicable, as part of the green commitment to decentralisation: the Scottish Green Party supported the referendum on Scottish independence and opposed Britain's entry into the European Common Market in its 1989 European election manifesto, claiming that the Common Market would cause mass unemployment for Scottish workers, force Scotland to move towards a tourist-based economy, enable the destruction of local food markets and cause catastrophic environmental damage – for this reason, the party campaigned for a Europe-wide confederation of individuals on global issues affecting the environment.
The Scottish Green Party benefits from the fact that the British government created a Scottish Parliament, which is elected using the additional member system of proportional representation. In the first election to this Parliament, in 1999, the Scottish Green Party got one Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) elected by proportional representation, Robin Harper, the UK's first elected Green parliamentarian (George MacLeod had previously represented the UK Green Party in the House of Lords). On 1 May 2003 the Scottish Greens added six new MSPs to their previous total.
In the 2007 elections, the Party lost five seats in Holyrood. However, in the council elections, taking place under the new Single Transferable Vote voting system, they gained three Councillors on the City of Edinburgh Council and five Councillors on Glasgow City Council. On 11 May, the Greens signed an agreement with the Scottish National Party, which meant that the Greens voted for Alex Salmond as First Minister and supported his initial Ministerial appointments. In return, the Nationalists backed a climate change bill as an early measure and promised to legislate against ship-to-ship oil transfers in the Firth of Forth. The SNP also agreed to nominate Patrick Harvie, one of the Green MSPs, to convene one of the Holyrood committees: Transport, Infrastructure and Climate Change.
On 28 January 2009, the two Green MSPs were instrumental in the defeat of the Government's budget, though a slightly amended version was passed easily the following week. On 31 May, Cllr Martin Ford, formerly a Liberal Democrat, joined the Scottish Green Party in protest against the plans by Donald Trump to develop on an important environmental site at Menie. On 13 October 2009, he was joined by fellow former Liberal Democrat Cllr Debra Storr. Both Councillors continued to serve on Aberdeenshire Council as members of the Democratic Independent group. At the 2012 Scottish local elections Councillor Debra Storr stood down to concentrate on her professional career. Councillor Martin Ford was re-elected, this time standing as a Scottish Green Party candidate.
After the Scottish Government announced the referendum on Scottish independence, a campaign group called Yes Scotland was established to promote a vote for independence. Leading members of the Scottish Green Party actively supported and became involved with the campaign from its foundation, with Patrick Harvie among the members of Yes Scotland's Advisory Board. In November 2013, Edinburgh councillor Maggie Chapman succeeded Martha Wardrop as the party's female co-convenor. In December, former convenor Robin Harper said that he would "absolutely vote No" in the independence referendum and offered his backing to the Better Together campaign, putting himself at odds with official party policy and its present leadership. Going on to say that he would like to help the Better Together and that there was a "significant minority" of Greens who were opposed to independence. Uniquely amongst the parties in the Scottish Parliament, the Scottish Green Party is open about and comfortable with the differences of opinion in the party on the constitutional issue, with co-convenor Patrick Harvie pointing out that "even the very firm supporters of independence within the Greens tend to be more strongly motivated by other aspects of our political agenda..."
In February 2005 the party announced plans to field candidates in 19 seats in the 2005 Westminster elections. In February 2015, the party announced that it would field candidates in 32 seats for the 2015 United Kingdom general election with 40% of their candidates being women.
According to the party's website, the Scottish Greens are committed to forming a sustainable society and are guided by four interconnected principles:
- Ecology: Our environment is the basis upon which every society is formed. Whenever we damage our environment, we damage ourselves. Respect for our environment is therefore essential.
- Equality: A society that is not socially and economically just cannot be sustainable. Only when released from immediate poverty can individuals be expected to take responsibility for wider issues. Our society must be founded on cooperation and respect. We campaign hard against discrimination on grounds of gender, race, sexuality, disability, age or religion.
- Radical Democracy: Politics is too often conducted in a polarised, confrontational atmosphere and in a situation remote from those that it affects. We must develop decentralised, participative systems that encourage individuals to control the decisions that affect their own lives.
- Peace and Nonviolence: Violence at all levels of human interaction must be rejected and succeeded by relations characterised by flexibility, respect and fairness.
All of the Scottish Green Party's Members of the Scottish Parliament (MSPs) have been elected under the list or "top-up" system of representation in the Parliament.
- John Finnie is an MSP for the Highlands and Islands region. He sat in the previous session of parliament both as a member of the Scottish National Party, and after leaving that party over its change in policy on NATO membership, as an independent.
- Ross Greer is an MSP for the West Scotland region.
- Patrick Harvie is an MSP for the Glasgow region and was elected male Co-Convenor of the Party in November 2008.
- Alison Johnstone is an MSP for the Lothian region.
- Mark Ruskell is an MSP for the Mid Scotland and Fife region. He previously represented the region between 2003 and 2007.
- Andy Wightman is an MSP for the Lothian region.
- Shiona Baird for North East Scotland. Baird served as party co-convener from 2004–07.
- Chris Ballance for the South of Scotland.
- Mark Ballard for the Lothians.
- Robin Harper for the Lothians. Harper was the first elected Green parliamentarian in the UK, and was the party's convener from the time of that position's creation in 1999 until 2002. He later served as one of its co-conveners from 2004–08.
- Eleanor Scott for the Highlands and Islands. Scott was party convener from 2002–04, and a co-convener of the party from 2008 to 2011.
- John Wilson, a member of the Greens, sat as an independent MSP in the 4th Scottish Parliament, having left the SNP because of its change in policy on NATO membership. He stood for the Greens in the 2016 election, but was unsuccessful.
The party made its first major breakthroughs at council level in the 2007 local elections, electing 8 councillors. In the 2012 local elections this was increased to 14. However, in May 2015, one of the party's Glasgow councillors stepped down, reducing the number to 13. Another, from City of Edinburgh Council, stepped down in June of that year to focus on the 2016 Scottish general election. To date, no Scottish Green Party councillor has lost their seat when contesting it at an election.
- Martin Ford (East Garioch ward)
City of Edinburgh Council
- Steve Burgess (Southside/Newington ward)
- Melanie Main (Meadows/Morningside ward)
- Gavin Corbett (Fountainbridge/Craiglockhart ward)
- Chas Booth (Leith ward)
- Nigel Bagshaw (Inverleith ward)
Glasgow City Council
- Nina Baker (Anderston/City ward)
- Martin Bartos (Partick West ward)
- Martha Wardrop (Hillhead ward)
- Kieran Wild (Canal ward)
- Ian Baxter (Bonnyrigg ward)
- Mark Ruskell (Dunblane & Bridge of Allan ward)
- Danny Alderslowe (Southside Central ward, Glasgow City Council, 2007–12)
- Stuart Clay (Partick West ward, Glasgow City Council, 2007–12)
- Alison Johnstone (Meadows/Morningside ward, City of Edinburgh Council, 2007–12)
- Liam Hainey (Langside ward, Glasgow City Council, 2012–15)
- Maggie Chapman (Leith Walk ward, City of Edinburgh Council, 2007–15)
Prior to the 2007 elections, the Party had only ever elected one councillor at local level: in May 1990, Roger (aka Rory) Winter, representing the Highland Green Party (Uainich na Gàidhealtachd), was elected in Nairn as Scotland's first Green regional councillor to the then Highland Regional Council. Cllr Winter broke away from the Greens in 1991 and continued his four-year term as an Independent Green Highlander.
|Year||First preference votes||Share of votes||Seats won||Additional Information|
8 / 1,222
|First ever councillors elected. Not involved in any governing coalition.|
14 / 1,223
|6 more councillors elected. Cllr Ian Baxter part of coalition on Midlothian Council.|
|Year||Votes||Share of votes||Seats won||Position||Outcome||Additional Information|
1 / 129
|5th||Opposition||First election to the re-constituted Scottish Parliament. Robin Harper becomes the first elected Green parliamentarian in the UK.|
7 / 129
|5th||Opposition||The party's largest ever parliamentary group.|
2 / 129
2 / 129
6 / 129
|4th||Opposition||The party's highest number of votes in a Scottish election. Elected the youngest ever MSP, Ross Greer.|
|Year||Share of votes||Seats won||Additional Information|
0 / 72
0 / 59
0 / 59
0 / 59
|Year||Votes||Share of votes||Seats won||Additional Information|
0 / 8
0 / 7
0 / 6
0 / 6
|The highest vote share the party has achieved.|
- Green politics
- List of environmental organizations
- List of political parties in the United Kingdom opposed to austerity
- European Federation of Green Parties
- Green Party in Northern Ireland
- Green Party of England and Wales
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- Cllr Ford was originally elected as a Scottish Liberal Democrats councillor but left the party following the controversy over Donald Trumps proposed Golf Course and resort. He was elected as a Scottish Green at the 2012 Scottish Local Elections.