Scofield Mine disaster

The Scofield Mine disaster was a mining explosion that occurred at the Winter Quarters mine in 1900. The mine was located at 39°42′57″N 111°11′17″W / 39.71583°N 111.18806°W / 39.71583; -111.18806 near the town of Scofield, Utah. In terms of life lost it was the worst mining accident at that point in American history.[1]


On May 1, 1900, a dust explosion in the Winter Quarters Mine killed at least 200 men, with some rescuers placing the death toll as high as 246.[1] Some were killed outright by the explosion, but most died of asphyxiation by whitedamp and afterdamp. Death came so quickly that some of the mineworkers were found still clutching their tools. It still ranks as one of the worst mining disasters in the United States with a high number of deaths. The death toll is 200 but there was some confusion about this as one of the bodies was not found until August 1900. Other numbers have been suggested, but little or no evidence is available to support these claims.


One of the deceased had a watch that had stopped at 10:28 AM. The State Mine Inspector's Report determined that a large shot of powder in the Number 4 Section ignited coal dust which spread throughout Number 4 killing some of the miners. The explosion blew up the fan used to ventilate Number 4. However in Number 1 mine which was connected, the fan continued to run and pulled the remnants of the explosion, including afterdamp (primarily carbon monoxide) into Number 1.[2] When the miners inside Number 1 tried to walk out, they walked into the poisonous gas, and were overcome and killed. Many workers were too far into the mine to escape.


Many of the dead were laid to rest on May 5, 1900, during two large funerals. Every family in the town of Scofield was affected.[3] The disaster left 107 widows and 268 fatherless children. In order to bury all of the dead, 75 caskets had to be imported from Denver, Colorado, because only 125 caskets could be brought in from Salt Lake City. 61 of the dead were Finnish Americans. The Luoma family lost 6 sons, 2 grandsons and a son-in-law.

At the time, the Winter Quarters Mine explosion was the country's worst mining disaster; it now ranks fifth. President William McKinley sent a wire, expressing "... My intense sorrow upon learning of the terrible calamity which has occurred at Scofield, and my deep sympathy with the wives, children and friends of the unfortunate victims of the explosion."

The disaster led to a strike the following year and to calls for better safety in coal mines and better treatment of mine workers.[1]

One man, one of six Evans brothers working at the mine that day, went through the Abercarn colliery disaster in Wales in 1878, when 268 miners had been killed. He reported that "the scenes [at Abercarn] were tame compared with [Scofield]." Two of his brothers were killed. They were "professional musicians, and natives of Wales. They have taken prizes at all musical events in this locality." A local writer praised Richard T. Evans as "the sweetest singer in Israel."[4]

The Pleasant Valley Coal Company discontinued its operations in 1928. Other coal mines continue to operate in the area.[5] In Scofield, Utah, there is now a memorial for those who died.[6]

See also


  1. 1 2 3 Powell, Allan Kent (1994), "Scofield Mine Disaster", in Powell, Allan Kent, Utah History Encyclopedia, Salt Lake City, Utah: University of Utah Press, ISBN 0874804256, OCLC 30473917
  2. Watts, Ronald G. History of Carbon County.
  3. Bertola, Max (1996). "Remembering the great mine disaster". Retrieved 2008-05-09.
  4. Lewis, Ronald L. (2008). Welsh Americans: A History of Assimilation in the Coalfields. UNC Press. ISBN 978-0-8078-3220-2.
  5. Winter Quarter, Utah Ghost Town Lost Treasure

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