The central square in 2007
Location within Austria
|Coordinates: 48°08′28″N 16°28′43″E / 48.14111°N 16.47861°ECoordinates: 48°08′28″N 16°28′43″E / 48.14111°N 16.47861°E|
|• Mayor||Karin Baier (SPÖ)|
|• Total||44.7 km2 (17.3 sq mi)|
|Elevation||162 m (531 ft)|
|Population (1 January 2016)|
|• Density||390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Schwechat (German pronunciation: [ˈʃvɛçaːt]) is a town southeast of Vienna known for the Vienna International Airport and Schwechater beer. The city is home to the refineries of to the Austrian national oil company OMV.
Home to the settlement Ala Nova of the Roman Empire, the city was first mentioned in a document in 1334. The meeting at Schwechat of Emperor Leopold I with Jan Sobieski in 1683, after the liberation of Vienna, is commemorated by an obelisk. The imperial troops defeated the Hungarian insurgents in a battle fought here in October 1848.
In 1724, a textile factory was established in Schwechat. Schwechat profited massively from the Austrian industrialisation wave of the 19th century, many of the companies established then still existing today (like the famous Dreher Brewery, founded in 1796 by Franz Anton Dreher the Younger). Schwechat became a city in 1924 and was incorporated into Vienna in 1938. The city's oil refinery was a bombing target of the Allied Oil Campaign of World War II, with the southern aviation plant complex of the Heinkel firm also targeted in late 1943 and lasting through the spring of 1944.
Schwechat became an independent city in 1954. In 2017 it will belong to Bruck an der Leitha District because Wien-Umgebung will be dissolved when 2016 ends.
Vienna International Airport, the headquarters of Austrian Airlines, and the headquarters of Niki are in the city of Schwechat. When Lauda Air was an independent airline, it had its corporate headquarters in Schwechat.
- Christopher Dibon (born 1990), footballer, ÖFB national team
- Anton Dreher senior (1810–1863), brewer, inventor of Schwechater Lagerbier
- Joseph von Eybler (1765–1846), composer and Hofkapellmeister
- Rudolf Hausleithner (1840–1918), painter
- Alfred Horn (1898–1959), mayor and freeman of Schwechat
- Viktor Klima (born 1947), politician (SPÖ), Austrian chancellor 1997 till 2000
- Ernst Seidler von Feuchtenegg (1862–1931), jurist, k.k.minister president 1917/18
- Max Stotz (1912–1943), military pilot
- Karl Trabitsch (1929–2003), politician and merchant
- Rudolf Viertl (1902-1981), football player
- Rudolf Vytlačil (1912-1977), football player
- Leopold Weinhofer (1879–1947), politician and mayor
Schwechat (as Megacity Schwechat) plays an important role in the Austrian sci-fi movie Die Gstettensaga: The Rise of Echsenfriedl.
- Neue Bürgermeister für Gänserndorf und Schwechat, NÖ ORF, March 10, 2015
- Statistik Austria - Bevölkerung zu Jahresbeginn 2002-2016 nach Gemeinden (Gebietsstand 1.1.2016) for Schwechat.
- One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Schwechat". Encyclopædia Britannica. 24 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 391.
- "Wien-Umgebung: Aufteilung geändert", artikel in Niederösterreichische Nachrichten (NÖN.at), 24-9-2015
- "Offices in Austria". Austrian Airlines. Retrieved 26 May 2009.
- "About Us Contact". Niki. Retrieved 2 September 2009.
- "Information about the city plan." City of Schwechat. Retrieved on 5 September 2009.
- "World Airline Directory". Flight International. 27 March – 2 April 1991. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Schwechat.|
- Website of Schwechat (German)