Schwa (Ә ә; italics: Ә ә) is a letter of the Cyrillic script. It is currently used in Abkhaz, Bashkir, Dungan, Itelmen, Kalmyk, Kazakh, Kurdish, Uyghur and Tatar. It was also used in Azeri, Karakalpak and Turkmen before those languages switched to the Latin alphabet. The Azeri and some other Latin-derived alphabets contain a letter of similar appearance (Ə/ə).
In many Turkic languages such as Azeri, Bashkir, Kazakh, Uyghur and Tatar, as well as the Kalmyk and Khinalug languages, it represents the near-open front unrounded vowel /æ/, like the pronunciation of ⟨a⟩ in "cat". It is often transliterated as ⟨ä⟩.
In Abkhaz, it represents labialization of the preceding consonant /ʷ/. Digraphs with ⟨ә⟩ are treated as letters and given separate positions in the Abkhaz alphabet. It is transliterated into Latin as a high ring ⟨˚⟩.
Related letters and other similar characters
- Ä ä : Latin letter A with diaeresis
- Ӓ ӓ : Cyrillic letter A with diaeresis
- Æ æ : Ligature Ae, a Danish and Norwegian letter.
- Ӕ ӕ : Cyrillic letter Ae
|Unicode name||CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SCHWA||CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SCHWA|
|UTF-8||211 152||D3 98||211 153||D3 99|
|Numeric character reference||Ә||Ә||ә||ә|